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中航江(jiang)苏农业发展集团(tuan)有限公(gong)司

让农业文化遗产焕发新活力

中国农村网 微观三农

只有科学(xue)理(li)解(jie)农(nong)业(ye)文化遗产(chan)的内涵与价值并给予足够呵护,这一兼(jian)具农(nong)业(ye)经济发展、生态保护和(he)传统文化传承功能的遗产(chan),才能焕(huan)发新的活力

活力1.jpg


  2005年5月,我(wo)陪同联合国粮(liang)农(nong)组织专家(jia)到浙江青田(tian)协助组织“浙江青田(tian)稻鱼共生系统全(quan)球(qiu)重(zhong)要农(nong)业文(wen)(wen)化遗(yi)产(chan)(chan)保(bao)护项(xiang)目启动会暨授(shou)牌仪式”,并进行实地考察。当地群众对(dui)(dui)我(wo)们表(biao)示(shi)了热情(qing)的欢(huan)迎,但言谈中感觉到他们对(dui)(dui)入选中国第(di)一个(ge)、世界第(di)一批全(quan)球(qiu)重(zhong)要农(nong)业遗(yi)产(chan)(chan)的意义不(bu)是很(hen)了解(jie)。不(bu)仅是他们,那时(shi)很(hen)多人都不(bu)清楚,怎么在自(zi)然遗(yi)产(chan)(chan)、文(wen)(wen)化遗(yi)产(chan)(chan)之外又有个(ge)农(nong)业文(wen)(wen)化遗(yi)产(chan)(chan)。

  中(zhong)华民(min)(min)族创造了(le)灿(can)烂的(de)(de)农(nong)(nong)(nong)耕文(wen)明,也留下了(le)丰(feng)(feng)富的(de)(de)农(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)文(wen)化(hua)遗产。农(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)文(wen)化(hua)遗产是中(zhong)华民(min)(min)族在与(yu)所处环境长期协(xie)同发(fa)展(zhan)中(zhong)世代传(chuan)承的(de)(de)农(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)生(sheng)(sheng)产系(xi)(xi)(xi)(xi)统(tong),它具有丰(feng)(feng)富的(de)(de)农(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)生(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)多样性、完善的(de)(de)传(chuan)统(tong)知识与(yu)技术(shu)体系(xi)(xi)(xi)(xi)、独特的(de)(de)生(sheng)(sheng)态与(yu)文(wen)化(hua)景观,其(qi)所包含的(de)(de)深(shen)邃的(de)(de)生(sheng)(sheng)态哲(zhe)学思(si)想有助(zhu)于(yu)更(geng)好认识人与(yu)自(zi)然关系(xi)(xi)(xi)(xi),丰(feng)(feng)富的(de)(de)传(chuan)统(tong)技术(shu)体系(xi)(xi)(xi)(xi)有助(zhu)于(yu)构建现代生(sheng)(sheng)态农(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)体系(xi)(xi)(xi)(xi),丰(feng)(feng)富的(de)(de)农(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)生(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)多样性有助(zhu)于(yu)促进(jin)特色(se)农(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)发(fa)展(zhan)。


  我(wo)国是联合国粮农(nong)(nong)(nong)组(zu)织全(quan)球(qiu)重要(yao)农(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)文化(hua)遗(yi)产保(bao)护(hu)倡(chang)议的积(ji)极(ji)参与(yu)(yu)(yu)者、重要(yao)推(tui)动者和主要(yao)贡(gong)献者。目前(qian),我(wo)国农(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)文化(hua)遗(yi)产保(bao)护(hu)与(yu)(yu)(yu)发展(zhan)的经(jing)济、生态与(yu)(yu)(yu)社会效益不断显现,农(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)文化(hua)自觉性(xing)与(yu)(yu)(yu)保(bao)护(hu)积(ji)极(ji)性(xing)显著增强(qiang),为世界农(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)文化(hua)遗(yi)产保(bao)护(hu)和农(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)农(nong)(nong)(nong)村可持(chi)续(xu)发展(zhan)贡(gong)献了(le)中(zhong)国经(jing)验。

  然而(er),与(yu)(yu)其他类型的自然与(yu)(yu)文化遗(yi)产相比,我国农(nong)业(ye)(ye)文化遗(yi)产的发掘与(yu)(yu)保护(hu)工作仍任重道远,原因有(you)(you)诸多方(fang)面(mian):农(nong)业(ye)(ye)文化遗(yi)产的重要(yao)性没(mei)有(you)(you)得到充分认识,许多人对农(nong)业(ye)(ye)文化遗(yi)产比较陌生;由于缺(que)乏系(xi)统有(you)(you)效的保护(hu),一些重要(yao)农(nong)业(ye)(ye)文化遗(yi)产正面(mian)临(lin)着(zhe)被(bei)破坏、被(bei)遗(yi)忘(wang)、被(bei)抛弃的危险;农(nong)业(ye)(ye)文化遗(yi)产保护(hu)缺(que)乏必(bi)要(yao)的政策和法(fa)律(lv)支持等。

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  为了更好保护和发展农业文化遗产(chan),建议(yi):


  对(dui)农(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)文(wen)化(hua)遗产(chan)(chan)重(zhong)要性和紧(jin)迫性予(yu)以重(zhong)视,加强农(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)文(wen)化(hua)遗产(chan)(chan)发(fa)掘与(yu)保护的制度建设。当前,还存在将农(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)文(wen)化(hua)遗产(chan)(chan)保护与(yu)现代(dai)农(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)发(fa)展(zhan)对(dui)立起来(lai)、与(yu)提高农(nong)(nong)民生活水平对(dui)立起来(lai)的现象。建议(yi)将农(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)文(wen)化(hua)遗产(chan)(chan)发(fa)掘与(yu)保护写进法律,在已经出(chu)台(tai)的《重(zhong)要农(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)文(wen)化(hua)遗产(chan)(chan)管理办法》基(ji)础上,尽快(kuai)出(chu)台(tai)与(yu)之(zhi)相(xiang)配套的产(chan)(chan)品开发(fa)、标识(shi)使用(yong)、监督评估等指导意见(jian)。


  加(jia)强农(nong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)文(wen)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)遗(yi)产(chan)(chan)发(fa)掘与(yu)保(bao)(bao)护(hu)(hu)的(de)财政投(tou)入,有序推进全球(qiu)重(zhong)要(yao)农(nong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)文(wen)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)遗(yi)产(chan)(chan)申(shen)报(bao)工作。因为(wei)(wei)起步较晚,加(jia)上认(ren)知(zhi)局(ju)限,人(ren)们往(wang)往(wang)把(ba)农(nong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)文(wen)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)遗(yi)产(chan)(chan)简单理(li)(li)解为(wei)(wei)一般的(de)文(wen)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)遗(yi)产(chan)(chan)和(he)(he)传统(tong)农(nong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye),缺乏专门的(de)资(zi)金(jin)与(yu)项目支持,农(nong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)文(wen)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)遗(yi)产(chan)(chan)保(bao)(bao)护(hu)(hu)积极性和(he)(he)主(zhu)动性不足(zu),重(zhong)申(shen)报(bao)轻(qing)(qing)管理(li)(li)、重(zhong)开发(fa)轻(qing)(qing)保(bao)(bao)护(hu)(hu)的(de)现象普遍(bian)存在。建议尽快(kuai)建立(li)农(nong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)文(wen)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)遗(yi)产(chan)(chan)保(bao)(bao)护(hu)(hu)专项,对(dui)已认(ren)定的(de)全球(qiu)和(he)(he)中国(guo)重(zhong)要(yao)农(nong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)文(wen)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)遗(yi)产(chan)(chan)给予重(zhong)点支持,鼓励遗(yi)产(chan)(chan)地充分依托生态、文(wen)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)与(yu)景观资(zi)源,发(fa)展(zhan)品牌农(nong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)、休(xiu)闲农(nong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)等多功能农(nong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)。同时,进一步加(jia)强农(nong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)文(wen)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)遗(yi)产(chan)(chan)领域国(guo)际合作,加(jia)快(kuai)推动全球(qiu)重(zhong)要(yao)农(nong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)文(wen)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)遗(yi)产(chan)(chan)申(shen)报(bao)。


  充分(fen)认识农业(ye)文(wen)化(hua)(hua)遗产(chan)(chan)作(zuo)为中(zhong)(zhong)华优秀传统文(wen)化(hua)(hua)的重要性。将农业(ye)文(wen)化(hua)(hua)遗产(chan)(chan)科普教育(yu)纳入(ru)中(zhong)(zhong)华优秀传统文(wen)化(hua)(hua)传承发(fa)展工程,组织编写优秀农业(ye)文(wen)化(hua)(hua)遗产(chan)(chan)教材和科普读物,融入(ru)学前、小(xiao)学和中(zhong)(zhong)学教育(yu)体系(xi),开展农业(ye)文(wen)化(hua)(hua)遗产(chan)(chan)全方位宣传。


  加强(qiang)农业(ye)(ye)文(wen)化(hua)(hua)(hua)遗产发(fa)(fa)掘与(yu)保(bao)(bao)护(hu)的(de)科技支撑(cheng)。尽快开(kai)展系统(tong)性(xing)(xing)农业(ye)(ye)文(wen)化(hua)(hua)(hua)遗产普查,建立农业(ye)(ye)文(wen)化(hua)(hua)(hua)遗产名录;建议(yi)在农业(ye)(ye)农村发(fa)(fa)展和(he)文(wen)化(hua)(hua)(hua)遗产保(bao)(bao)护(hu)的(de)重(zhong)点(dian)研(yan)发(fa)(fa)计划中,设(she)立针对(dui)农业(ye)(ye)文(wen)化(hua)(hua)(hua)遗产的(de)研(yan)发(fa)(fa)项(xiang)目(mu),重(zhong)点(dian)对(dui)农业(ye)(ye)文(wen)化(hua)(hua)(hua)遗产系统(tong)的(de)结构、功能(neng)、价(jia)值、濒危性(xing)(xing)与(yu)发(fa)(fa)展潜力(li)、保(bao)(bao)护(hu)与(yu)发(fa)(fa)展途径等(deng)开(kai)展研(yan)究(jiu)与(yu)示范。


  只(zhi)有科学理解(jie)农业(ye)文(wen)(wen)化遗(yi)产的内涵与价值并(bing)给(ji)予足(zu)够呵护(hu),这一兼具农业(ye)经济(ji)发展(zhan)、生态保护(hu)和(he)传统文(wen)(wen)化传承功(gong)能的遗(yi)产,才能焕(huan)发新的活力(li),并(bing)在乡村振兴中发挥重要作(zuo)用。

来源:人民日报(bao)

作者(zhe):全国政(zheng)协委员(yuan)、中(zhong)国科(ke)学院地理科(ke)学与资源研究所研究员(yuan) 闵(min)庆(qing)文

编辑:霍然








文章分(fen)类: 权威解读
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