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中(zhong)航江苏农业发展集团有限(xian)公司(si)

让农业文化遗产焕发新活力

中(zhong)国(guo)农村网 微观三农

只(zhi)有科(ke)学理解农业(ye)文化遗(yi)产(chan)的内涵与价值并给予足(zu)够呵护(hu),这一兼具(ju)农业(ye)经济发展(zhan)、生态(tai)保(bao)护(hu)和传统文化传承(cheng)功能的遗(yi)产(chan),才能焕发新的活力

活力1.jpg


  2005年5月,我(wo)陪同联合国粮(liang)农(nong)组(zu)(zu)织专家(jia)到(dao)浙江(jiang)青田协助(zhu)组(zu)(zu)织“浙江(jiang)青田稻鱼共生系(xi)统(tong)全球(qiu)重(zhong)(zhong)要农(nong)业文化遗(yi)产(chan)(chan)保护项目启动会暨(ji)授牌仪式(shi)”,并(bing)进(jin)行(xing)实地考察。当(dang)地群(qun)众(zhong)对我(wo)们(men)(men)表示(shi)了(le)热情的欢迎,但言谈中感觉(jue)到(dao)他们(men)(men)对入选中国第(di)一个、世界第(di)一批全球(qiu)重(zhong)(zhong)要农(nong)业遗(yi)产(chan)(chan)的意义(yi)不(bu)是很了(le)解(jie)。不(bu)仅是他们(men)(men),那时很多(duo)人(ren)都不(bu)清楚,怎么在自然(ran)遗(yi)产(chan)(chan)、文化遗(yi)产(chan)(chan)之外又有个农(nong)业文化遗(yi)产(chan)(chan)。

  中(zhong)(zhong)华民(min)族创造了灿烂的(de)农(nong)耕(geng)文(wen)明,也留下了丰(feng)富(fu)的(de)农(nong)业(ye)(ye)文(wen)化遗(yi)产。农(nong)业(ye)(ye)文(wen)化遗(yi)产是中(zhong)(zhong)华民(min)族在与所处环(huan)境(jing)长期协同发(fa)展中(zhong)(zhong)世代传(chuan)承的(de)农(nong)业(ye)(ye)生(sheng)产系(xi)(xi)统(tong),它具有丰(feng)富(fu)的(de)农(nong)业(ye)(ye)生(sheng)物(wu)(wu)多样性、完善的(de)传(chuan)统(tong)知识(shi)与技术(shu)体(ti)系(xi)(xi)、独(du)特的(de)生(sheng)态与文(wen)化景观,其所包(bao)含的(de)深邃(sui)的(de)生(sheng)态哲学思(si)想有助(zhu)(zhu)于(yu)更好认识(shi)人与自然关(guan)系(xi)(xi),丰(feng)富(fu)的(de)传(chuan)统(tong)技术(shu)体(ti)系(xi)(xi)有助(zhu)(zhu)于(yu)构建现代生(sheng)态农(nong)业(ye)(ye)体(ti)系(xi)(xi),丰(feng)富(fu)的(de)农(nong)业(ye)(ye)生(sheng)物(wu)(wu)多样性有助(zhu)(zhu)于(yu)促进特色农(nong)业(ye)(ye)发(fa)展。


  我国是联合国粮农(nong)(nong)组织全球重(zhong)要农(nong)(nong)业(ye)文化遗(yi)产(chan)(chan)保护(hu)(hu)倡(chang)议(yi)的积(ji)极参与(yu)者(zhe)、重(zhong)要推动者(zhe)和(he)主要贡献者(zhe)。目前(qian),我国农(nong)(nong)业(ye)文化遗(yi)产(chan)(chan)保护(hu)(hu)与(yu)发展(zhan)的经济(ji)、生(sheng)态与(yu)社会效益不断(duan)显现,农(nong)(nong)民文化自觉性(xing)与(yu)保护(hu)(hu)积(ji)极性(xing)显著增(zeng)强,为(wei)世界农(nong)(nong)业(ye)文化遗(yi)产(chan)(chan)保护(hu)(hu)和(he)农(nong)(nong)业(ye)农(nong)(nong)村可(ke)持续(xu)发展(zhan)贡献了中国经验。

  然而,与其他类型的自然与文(wen)化(hua)(hua)遗(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)产相比,我国(guo)农(nong)业文(wen)化(hua)(hua)遗(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)产的发掘与保(bao)护(hu)工作(zuo)仍任重(zhong)(zhong)道远,原(yuan)因有(you)诸多(duo)方(fang)面(mian):农(nong)业文(wen)化(hua)(hua)遗(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)产的重(zhong)(zhong)要(yao)性没有(you)得(de)到(dao)充分认(ren)识,许多(duo)人对农(nong)业文(wen)化(hua)(hua)遗(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)产比较陌生;由于(yu)缺(que)乏系统(tong)有(you)效的保(bao)护(hu),一些重(zhong)(zhong)要(yao)农(nong)业文(wen)化(hua)(hua)遗(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)产正面(mian)临(lin)着(zhe)被(bei)(bei)破(po)坏、被(bei)(bei)遗(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)忘、被(bei)(bei)抛(pao)弃的危险;农(nong)业文(wen)化(hua)(hua)遗(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)产保(bao)护(hu)缺(que)乏必要(yao)的政策和(he)法律支持等。

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  为了更(geng)好保护(hu)和发(fa)展农业文化遗产,建(jian)议:


  对农(nong)(nong)业文化遗(yi)(yi)产(chan)重要(yao)性(xing)和紧迫性(xing)予以(yi)重视,加强农(nong)(nong)业文化遗(yi)(yi)产(chan)发掘与保护(hu)的制(zhi)度建(jian)设。当前,还存(cun)在(zai)将(jiang)农(nong)(nong)业文化遗(yi)(yi)产(chan)保护(hu)与现代农(nong)(nong)业发展对立起来(lai)、与提高农(nong)(nong)民(min)生活水平对立起来(lai)的现象。建(jian)议(yi)将(jiang)农(nong)(nong)业文化遗(yi)(yi)产(chan)发掘与保护(hu)写进法律(lv),在(zai)已经出台的《重要(yao)农(nong)(nong)业文化遗(yi)(yi)产(chan)管理办法》基础上,尽快出台与之相配(pei)套的产(chan)品(pin)开发、标识使用、监督评估等指导(dao)意见。


  加(jia)强(qiang)农(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)文(wen)(wen)化(hua)遗(yi)(yi)(yi)产(chan)(chan)(chan)发掘与保(bao)(bao)护的(de)(de)财政投入,有序推进全球重(zhong)要农(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)文(wen)(wen)化(hua)遗(yi)(yi)(yi)产(chan)(chan)(chan)申报工作。因为起步较晚,加(jia)上认(ren)(ren)知局限,人们往往把农(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)文(wen)(wen)化(hua)遗(yi)(yi)(yi)产(chan)(chan)(chan)简单理(li)解为一般的(de)(de)文(wen)(wen)化(hua)遗(yi)(yi)(yi)产(chan)(chan)(chan)和传(chuan)统农(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye),缺(que)乏专门的(de)(de)资金与项目支(zhi)持,农(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)文(wen)(wen)化(hua)遗(yi)(yi)(yi)产(chan)(chan)(chan)保(bao)(bao)护积极性(xing)和主动性(xing)不足,重(zhong)申报轻管(guan)理(li)、重(zhong)开发轻保(bao)(bao)护的(de)(de)现象普遍存(cun)在(zai)。建(jian)议(yi)尽快建(jian)立农(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)文(wen)(wen)化(hua)遗(yi)(yi)(yi)产(chan)(chan)(chan)保(bao)(bao)护专项,对(dui)已认(ren)(ren)定的(de)(de)全球和中国(guo)(guo)重(zhong)要农(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)文(wen)(wen)化(hua)遗(yi)(yi)(yi)产(chan)(chan)(chan)给予重(zhong)点支(zhi)持,鼓励遗(yi)(yi)(yi)产(chan)(chan)(chan)地充分依托生态、文(wen)(wen)化(hua)与景观资源,发展品牌农(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)、休闲农(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)等(deng)多功能农(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)。同时,进一步加(jia)强(qiang)农(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)文(wen)(wen)化(hua)遗(yi)(yi)(yi)产(chan)(chan)(chan)领域国(guo)(guo)际合作,加(jia)快推动全球重(zhong)要农(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)文(wen)(wen)化(hua)遗(yi)(yi)(yi)产(chan)(chan)(chan)申报。


  充分认(ren)识(shi)农业文化(hua)遗(yi)(yi)产作为中(zhong)华优(you)(you)秀(xiu)(xiu)传统(tong)文化(hua)的重要性。将农业文化(hua)遗(yi)(yi)产科普(pu)(pu)教(jiao)(jiao)育(yu)纳入中(zhong)华优(you)(you)秀(xiu)(xiu)传统(tong)文化(hua)传承发展(zhan)工程,组织编写优(you)(you)秀(xiu)(xiu)农业文化(hua)遗(yi)(yi)产教(jiao)(jiao)材和(he)科普(pu)(pu)读物,融入学前(qian)、小学和(he)中(zhong)学教(jiao)(jiao)育(yu)体系,开展(zhan)农业文化(hua)遗(yi)(yi)产全(quan)方位(wei)宣传。


  加强农(nong)(nong)业文(wen)化(hua)遗(yi)产(chan)发(fa)(fa)掘与(yu)保护的(de)科技支撑。尽快(kuai)开展系统性(xing)农(nong)(nong)业文(wen)化(hua)遗(yi)产(chan)普查,建立农(nong)(nong)业文(wen)化(hua)遗(yi)产(chan)名录;建议在农(nong)(nong)业农(nong)(nong)村发(fa)(fa)展和文(wen)化(hua)遗(yi)产(chan)保护的(de)重点研(yan)发(fa)(fa)计(ji)划中,设立针对农(nong)(nong)业文(wen)化(hua)遗(yi)产(chan)的(de)研(yan)发(fa)(fa)项目(mu),重点对农(nong)(nong)业文(wen)化(hua)遗(yi)产(chan)系统的(de)结构(gou)、功能、价值、濒危性(xing)与(yu)发(fa)(fa)展潜力、保护与(yu)发(fa)(fa)展途径(jing)等开展研(yan)究与(yu)示(shi)范(fan)。


  只(zhi)有科(ke)学理解农(nong)业文化(hua)遗(yi)产的内涵与价(jia)值并给予足够呵护,这一兼具农(nong)业经济发(fa)展、生态保护和传(chuan)(chuan)统文化(hua)传(chuan)(chuan)承功能的遗(yi)产,才能焕发(fa)新的活力,并在(zai)乡村振兴中发(fa)挥重(zhong)要作用。

来源:人民日(ri)报

作者:全(quan)国政协(xie)委员(yuan)、中国科(ke)学(xue)院地理(li)科(ke)学(xue)与(yu)资(zi)源研(yan)究所研(yan)究员(yuan) 闵庆(qing)文

编辑(ji):霍然








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