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中航(hang)江苏(su)农业发展集团有限公司

农业农村部关于调整农村集体经营性建设用地政策的答复

农(nong)村集体(ti)(ti)经营性(xing)(xing)建(jian)设用(yong)地(di)(di)(di)(di)是(shi)我(wo)国农(nong)村土地(di)(di)(di)(di)制(zhi)(zhi)度中(zhong)较(jiao)为特殊的(de)制(zhi)(zhi)度安排(pai)。农(nong)村集体(ti)(ti)经营性(xing)(xing)建(jian)设用(yong)地(di)(di)(di)(di)入市试(shi)点工作是(shi)农(nong)村土地(di)(di)(di)(di)制(zhi)(zhi)度改(gai)革的(de)重要组成部分(fen),是(shi)实现农(nong)村土地(di)(di)(di)(di)权利资本化、破解城乡二元结构的(de)重大(da)举措,对(dui)让更多农(nong)民能(neng)够分(fen)享城镇化进程(cheng)中(zhong)土地(di)(di)(di)(di)增值收益、加快推(tui)进乡村振(zhen)兴具有重要的(de)意义。

9月15日,农(nong)业农(nong)村部在其网站公布了(le)对十三届全国人大三次会议有(you)关调整农(nong)村集体经(jing)营(ying)性(xing)建设(she)用(yong)地(di)政策建议的答复,对于代表提出(chu)的出(chu)台耕地(di)农(nong)田(tian)用(yong)地(di)“占补平衡”政策、调整农(nong)村经(jing)营(ying)性(xing)建设(she)用(yong)地(di)有(you)关政策等问(wen)题进行了(le)回答。

关于出(chu)台耕地农田用(yong)地“占(zhan)补平(ping)衡(heng)”的(de)政(zheng)策

  《土(tu)地(di)(di)管(guan)理法》《土(tu)地(di)(di)管(guan)理法实施条例》,以及中共中央(yang)、国(guo)务院《关于加强耕(geng)地(di)(di)保护和(he)改进占(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)补(bu)平(ping)衡的(de)意见》等法律(lv)文(wen)件(jian)规定,各类建设(she)占(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)用耕(geng)地(di)(di)均应落(luo)实占(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)补(bu)平(ping)衡。农(nong)民(min)建房和(he)农(nong)村(cun)集(ji)体经(jing)济(ji)发展等农(nong)村(cun)建设(she)中应尽(jin)量(liang)(liang)(liang)不(bu)占(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)或少占(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)耕(geng)地(di)(di),确需占(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)用耕(geng)地(di)(di)的(de)要落(luo)实占(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)补(bu)平(ping)衡,确保耕(geng)地(di)(di)数(shu)量(liang)(liang)(liang)不(bu)减少、质量(liang)(liang)(liang)不(bu)降低。占(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)用的(de)耕(geng)地(di)(di)可由农(nong)村(cun)集(ji)体经(jing)济(ji)组(zu)织(zhi)负(fu)责补(bu)充(chong),鼓励农(nong)民(min)投工投劳参与土(tu)地(di)(di)整理,以减轻农(nong)村(cun)集(ji)体经(jing)济(ji)组(zu)织(zhi)的(de)负(fu)担。

农(nong)(nong)业农(nong)(nong)村部(bu)配合(he)自然资(zi)源部(bu),认真研判了您提出(chu)的(de)(de)“通(tong)过(guo)出(chu)台耕(geng)地(di)(di)(di)(di)农(nong)(nong)田(tian)用(yong)地(di)(di)(di)(di)‘占补平衡’政策,授权给(ji)市、县、乡镇,自主协调(diao)村内或镇内的(de)(de)耕(geng)地(di)(di)(di)(di)和农(nong)(nong)田(tian)调(diao)节,由上级部(bu)门对垦(ken)复(fu)土地(di)(di)(di)(di)进(jin)行验收(shou)合(he)格,既保(bao)障了现(xian)有耕(geng)地(di)(di)(di)(di)农(nong)(nong)田(tian)规模不变(bian),又(you)保(bao)护了已建(jian)的(de)(de)基础设施(shi)完整,又(you)减少(shao)成本(ben)支出(chu)”的(de)(de)建(jian)议,认为该内容应是(shi)指农(nong)(nong)村集体建(jian)设占用(yong)耕(geng)地(di)(di)(di)(di)时,不经农(nong)(nong)用(yong)地(di)(di)(di)(di)转用(yong)审批(pi),而是(shi)通(tong)过(guo)增减挂(gua)钩平衡的(de)(de)方式,确保(bao)区域内耕(geng)地(di)(di)(di)(di)面积不减少(shao)即可(ke)。

  城乡(xiang)建(jian)(jian)设(she)(she)(she)(she)用(yong)(yong)(yong)(yong)地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)增减(jian)(jian)挂(gua)钩(gou)是完善(shan)土地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)利用(yong)(yong)(yong)(yong)政策体系的(de)重大举措,经(jing)过十多年(nian)(nian)的(de)实践和探索,在(zai)促进(jin)(jin)节(jie)约(yue)用(yong)(yong)(yong)(yong)地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)和统筹城乡(xiang)发(fa)展中(zhong)发(fa)挥了积极的(de)作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)用(yong)(yong)(yong)(yong)。2005年(nian)(nian),国土资源部(bu)印发(fa)《关(guan)(guan)于(yu)规(gui)范城乡(xiang)建(jian)(jian)设(she)(she)(she)(she)用(yong)(yong)(yong)(yong)地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)增加与农(nong)(nong)(nong)村建(jian)(jian)设(she)(she)(she)(she)用(yong)(yong)(yong)(yong)地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)减(jian)(jian)少(shao)相(xiang)挂(gua)钩(gou)试点(dian)工(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)的(de)意见》,试点(dian)开展相(xiang)关(guan)(guan)工(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)。2007年(nian)(nian),出台(tai)《关(guan)(guan)于(yu)进(jin)(jin)一步规(gui)范城乡(xiang)建(jian)(jian)设(she)(she)(she)(she)用(yong)(yong)(yong)(yong)地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)增减(jian)(jian)挂(gua)钩(gou)试点(dian)工(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)的(de)通知(zhi)》,2008年(nian)(nian),印发(fa)《城乡(xiang)建(jian)(jian)设(she)(she)(she)(she)用(yong)(yong)(yong)(yong)地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)增减(jian)(jian)挂(gua)钩(gou)试点(dian)管理办法》,进(jin)(jin)一步明确和规(gui)范试点(dian)工(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)的(de)有关(guan)(guan)要(yao)求。2019年(nian)(nian),自然资源部(bu)印发(fa)《关(guan)(guan)于(yu)开展全域(yu)(yu)土地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)综合整(zheng)治试点(dian)工(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)的(de)通知(zhi)》,进(jin)(jin)一步明确农(nong)(nong)(nong)用(yong)(yong)(yong)(yong)地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)整(zheng)治节(jie)余(yu)的(de)建(jian)(jian)设(she)(she)(she)(she)用(yong)(yong)(yong)(yong)地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)指标(biao)按照城乡(xiang)建(jian)(jian)设(she)(she)(she)(she)用(yong)(yong)(yong)(yong)地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)增减(jian)(jian)挂(gua)钩(gou)政策,可在(zai)省域(yu)(yu)内流转。关(guan)(guan)于(yu)农(nong)(nong)(nong)村建(jian)(jian)设(she)(she)(she)(she)用(yong)(yong)(yong)(yong)地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)能否纳入(ru)增减(jian)(jian)挂(gua)钩(gou)管理、不履行农(nong)(nong)(nong)用(yong)(yong)(yong)(yong)地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)转用(yong)(yong)(yong)(yong)审批,目(mu)前(qian)增减(jian)(jian)挂(gua)钩(gou)政策主要(yao)针对城市与农(nong)(nong)(nong)村间(jian)农(nong)(nong)(nong)用(yong)(yong)(yong)(yong)地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)整(zheng)治节(jie)余(yu)的(de)建(jian)(jian)设(she)(she)(she)(she)用(yong)(yong)(yong)(yong)地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)指标(biao)置换,国家层面尚(shang)未出台(tai)农(nong)(nong)(nong)村与农(nong)(nong)(nong)村间(jian)指标(biao)置换相(xiang)关(guan)(guan)政策,在(zai)新(xin)规(gui)定出台(tai)前(qian),应(ying)按照当前(qian)政策执行。
  关于(yu)(yu)提及的保障(zhang)农(nong)民(min)(min)(min)建(jian)房(fang)合(he)(he)(he)理用(yong)(yong)地(di)需(xu)求(qiu)(qiu),为更(geng)好贯彻落(luo)实《土(tu)地(di)管理法》相关要(yao)求(qiu)(qiu),今年7月(yue),自然资源(yuan)部与农(nong)业农(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)部联合(he)(he)(he)印发了《关于(yu)(yu)保障(zhang)农(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)村(cun)(cun)(cun)民(min)(min)(min)住宅建(jian)设合(he)(he)(he)理用(yong)(yong)地(di)的通知》,明确计(ji)划指标单列、改进农(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)村(cun)(cun)(cun)民(min)(min)(min)住宅用(yong)(yong)地(di)农(nong)转用(yong)(yong)审(shen)批(pi)、加强规划管控、统一(yi)落(luo)实耕地(di)占补平衡、严格落(luo)实“一(yi)户(hu)一(yi)宅”等(deng)要(yao)求(qiu)(qiu),积极(ji)保障(zhang)农(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)村(cun)(cun)(cun)民(min)(min)(min)住宅合(he)(he)(he)理用(yong)(yong)地(di)需(xu)求(qiu)(qiu)。
  下一(yi)步(bu)(bu),农业农村部(bu)将积(ji)极配合(he)有(you)关部(bu)门,总结经验做法,认真研究增(zeng)减挂(gua)钩试点(dian)工作有(you)关事宜,进一(yi)步(bu)(bu)完(wan)善政策(ce)措施。结合(he)土(tu)地(di)(di)利用(yong)总体规划,对符合(he)条件的(de)农村建设用(yong)地(di)(di)需求,将予以(yi)重点(dian)考(kao)虑(lv),不断优化(hua)生(sheng)产(chan)、生(sheng)活(huo)、生(sheng)态空间格(ge)局,促进耕地(di)(di)保护和土(tu)地(di)(di)节约利用(yong),助推乡村全面振兴。

关于调整农村经营(ying)性建设用(yong)地(di)有关政策

党的(de)(de)十八届三中全会部(bu)署了深化农村(cun)土(tu)(tu)地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)度(du)(du)(du)(du)改革(ge)的(de)(de)重点(dian)(dian)任务(wu),明确提出建立城(cheng)乡一体(ti)的(de)(de)建设(she)用地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)市(shi)场,允许农村(cun)集体(ti)经营性(xing)建设(she)用地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)进入(ru)市(shi)场交易(yi),实行与国(guo)有(you)土(tu)(tu)地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)同(tong)等入(ru)市(shi)、同(tong)权同(tong)价。2015年(nian),国(guo)家(jia)部(bu)署开展(zhan)土(tu)(tu)地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)度(du)(du)(du)(du)改革(ge)三项试(shi)点(dian)(dian)工(gong)作,先后(hou)在全国(guo)33个县(xian)(市(shi)、区(qu))开展(zhan)了集体(ti)经营性(xing)建设(she)用地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)试(shi)点(dian)(dian)工(gong)作。5年(nian)以来,试(shi)点(dian)(dian)地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)区(qu)取(qu)得了一批可复制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)、易(yi)推(tui)广、利(li)修(xiu)法(fa)的(de)(de)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)度(du)(du)(du)(du)性(xing)成果。2020年(nian)新修(xiu)订的(de)(de)《土(tu)(tu)地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)管理法(fa)》,明确农村(cun)集体(ti)经营性(xing)建设(she)用地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)可以入(ru)市(shi)交易(yi),从法(fa)律层面为农村(cun)土(tu)(tu)地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)流转、构建城(cheng)乡统一建设(she)用地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)市(shi)场扫清了制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)度(du)(du)(du)(du)障碍,是集体(ti)建设(she)用地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)改革(ge)的(de)(de)重大制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)度(du)(du)(du)(du)创(chuang)新。

下一(yi)步,农(nong)业(ye)农(nong)村部(bu)将积极(ji)配合自然(ran)资源部(bu)等(deng)有(you)关部(bu)门,认(ren)真贯彻落实新修订的(de)《土地(di)管理(li)法》有(you)关要求,按照同(tong)权(quan)、同(tong)价、同(tong)责(ze)、同(tong)等(deng)进(jin)入(ru)城(cheng)乡统一(yi)建设市场的(de)原则,针对(dui)依法登记的(de),国土空(kong)(kong)间(jian)规划(hua)确定为工(gong)业(ye)、商业(ye)等(deng)经(jing)营用途的(de)集(ji)体土地(di)入(ru)市,积极(ji)推进(jin)相关配套政(zheng)策(ce)的(de)制定。研究确定入(ru)市范围、方式、主(zhu)体、利益分配机制及服务监管措施,加快完善入(ru)市制度和(he)政(zheng)策(ce)体系(xi)。鼓励优先盘活使(shi)用空(kong)(kong)闲(xian)、废弃和(he)低效利用的(de)存量集(ji)体建设用地(di),支(zhi)持依法自愿有(you)偿退出的(de)宅基地(di)、腾退的(de)其他(ta)用途集(ji)体建设用地(di)和(he)空(kong)(kong)闲(xian)土地(di)资源等(deng),依据国土空(kong)(kong)间(jian)规划(hua),用于(yu)农(nong)民建房、乡村旅游、公益事(shi)业(ye)发(fa)展等(deng)。


来源:农(nong)业农(nong)村部网站(zhan)

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