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中航江苏农业发展集团(tuan)有(you)限公司

2021年中央一号文件(全文)

中共中央   国务院
关于全面推进乡村振兴
加快农业农村现代化的意见
(2021年1月(yue)4日)

党的十(shi)九届(jie)五中全(quan)会审议通过的《中共(gong)中央关于制定国民(min)经济和社会发展第十(shi)四个五年规划和二〇三(san)五年远景(jing)目标(biao)的建议》,对新发展阶段优先发展农业(ye)农村、全(quan)面推进乡村振兴(xing)作(zuo)出总体部署,为做好当(dang)前和今后一(yi)个时期“三(san)农”工作(zuo)指(zhi)明(ming)了方向(xiang)。

“十三五”时期(qi),现代农(nong)业(ye)建(jian)设取(qu)得(de)重大进(jin)(jin)展(zhan),乡村(cun)(cun)振兴实(shi)现良(liang)好开局(ju)。粮(liang)食年产量连续保(bao)(bao)持在(zai)1.3万亿斤以(yi)上(shang),农(nong)民人(ren)(ren)(ren)均(jun)收(shou)入较2010年翻一(yi)番(fan)多。新(xin)(xin)时代脱(tuo)贫(pin)(pin)攻坚目标任务如期(qi)完(wan)成(cheng)(cheng),现行标准下农(nong)村(cun)(cun)贫(pin)(pin)困人(ren)(ren)(ren)口(kou)全(quan)(quan)部(bu)脱(tuo)贫(pin)(pin),贫(pin)(pin)困县全(quan)(quan)部(bu)摘帽,易(yi)地(di)扶贫(pin)(pin)搬迁(qian)任务全(quan)(quan)面完(wan)成(cheng)(cheng),消(xiao)除(chu)了(le)绝对(dui)贫(pin)(pin)困和区域(yu)性整体贫(pin)(pin)困,创造了(le)人(ren)(ren)(ren)类减贫(pin)(pin)史上(shang)的(de)奇迹。农(nong)村(cun)(cun)人(ren)(ren)(ren)居环境明(ming)(ming)显改(gai)善,农(nong)村(cun)(cun)改(gai)革(ge)向纵(zong)深(shen)推(tui)进(jin)(jin),农(nong)村(cun)(cun)社(she)会(hui)保(bao)(bao)持和谐稳定,农(nong)村(cun)(cun)即将(jiang)同(tong)步(bu)实(shi)现全(quan)(quan)面建(jian)成(cheng)(cheng)小康社(she)会(hui)目标。农(nong)业(ye)农(nong)村(cun)(cun)发(fa)展(zhan)取(qu)得(de)新(xin)(xin)的(de)历史性成(cheng)(cheng)就,为党和国家战胜各(ge)种艰难险(xian)阻(zu)、稳定经(jing)济社(she)会(hui)发(fa)展(zhan)大局(ju),发(fa)挥了(le)“压舱石”作用。实(shi)践证明(ming)(ming),以(yi)习(xi)近平同(tong)志为核心的(de)党中央驰而不息重农(nong)强农(nong)的(de)战略决策完(wan)全(quan)(quan)正确,党的(de)“三农(nong)”政策得(de)到亿万农(nong)民衷心拥护(hu)。

“十四五(wu)”时期(qi),是乘势(shi)而上开启(qi)全(quan)面(mian)(mian)建设(she)社会(hui)主(zhu)义现(xian)代化(hua)国家(jia)(jia)新(xin)征程、向第二个百年奋斗目标(biao)进军的(de)第一个五(wu)年。民(min)族(zu)要(yao)(yao)复兴,乡村(cun)必振(zhen)兴。全(quan)面(mian)(mian)建设(she)社会(hui)主(zhu)义现(xian)代化(hua)国家(jia)(jia),实现(xian)中(zhong)华民(min)族(zu)伟大复兴,最艰巨最繁(fan)重的(de)任务(wu)依然(ran)在(zai)(zai)农(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun),最广泛最深厚的(de)基础依然(ran)在(zai)(zai)农(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)。解(jie)决好发展(zhan)(zhan)不(bu)平衡不(bu)充分问题,重点(dian)难(nan)点(dian)在(zai)(zai)“三(san)(san)农(nong)(nong)(nong)”,迫切(qie)需(xu)要(yao)(yao)补(bu)齐农(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)农(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)短板(ban)弱项(xiang),推动城乡协调(diao)发展(zhan)(zhan);构建新(xin)发展(zhan)(zhan)格局,潜力(li)后劲在(zai)(zai)“三(san)(san)农(nong)(nong)(nong)”,迫切(qie)需(xu)要(yao)(yao)扩大农(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)需(xu)求,畅通城乡经济(ji)循环;应对国内外(wai)各种风险挑战(zhan),基础支撑在(zai)(zai)“三(san)(san)农(nong)(nong)(nong)”,迫切(qie)需(xu)要(yao)(yao)稳住农(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)基本盘(pan),守好“三(san)(san)农(nong)(nong)(nong)”基础。党(dang)中(zhong)央(yang)认为(wei)(wei),新(xin)发展(zhan)(zhan)阶段(duan)“三(san)(san)农(nong)(nong)(nong)”工作(zuo)依然(ran)极(ji)端(duan)重要(yao)(yao),须臾不(bu)可(ke)放(fang)松,务(wu)必抓紧抓实。要(yao)(yao)坚持(chi)把解(jie)决好“三(san)(san)农(nong)(nong)(nong)”问题作(zuo)为(wei)(wei)全(quan)党(dang)工作(zuo)重中(zhong)之重,把全(quan)面(mian)(mian)推进乡村(cun)振(zhen)兴作(zuo)为(wei)(wei)实现(xian)中(zhong)华民(min)族(zu)伟大复兴的(de)一项(xiang)重大任务(wu),举全(quan)党(dang)全(quan)社会(hui)之力(li)加(jia)(jia)快农(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)农(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)现(xian)代化(hua),让广大农(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)过(guo)上更(geng)加(jia)(jia)美好的(de)生活。

一、总体要求

(一)指(zhi)导思(si)(si)想(xiang)。以习近平新(xin)(xin)时代(dai)(dai)中(zhong)国(guo)特色社(she)(she)会(hui)(hui)(hui)主(zhu)义(yi)(yi)思(si)(si)想(xiang)为(wei)指(zhi)导,全(quan)(quan)面(mian)贯(guan)彻党的十(shi)(shi)九大和十(shi)(shi)九届二中(zhong)、三中(zhong)、四中(zhong)、五(wu)中(zhong)全(quan)(quan)会(hui)(hui)(hui)精神,贯(guan)彻落(luo)实中(zhong)央经(jing)济工作(zuo)会(hui)(hui)(hui)议精神,统(tong)筹(chou)推(tui)(tui)进(jin)(jin)(jin)“五(wu)位一体(ti)”总体(ti)布(bu)局(ju)(ju)(ju),协调推(tui)(tui)进(jin)(jin)(jin)“四个全(quan)(quan)面(mian)”战(zhan)略布(bu)局(ju)(ju)(ju),坚(jian)(jian)定不移贯(guan)彻新(xin)(xin)发(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)理(li)念(nian),坚(jian)(jian)持(chi)稳中(zhong)求进(jin)(jin)(jin)工作(zuo)总基调,坚(jian)(jian)持(chi)加强(qiang)党对“三农(nong)(nong)(nong)”工作(zuo)的全(quan)(quan)面(mian)领导,坚(jian)(jian)持(chi)农(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)农(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)优先发(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan),坚(jian)(jian)持(chi)农(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)现(xian)代(dai)(dai)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)与农(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)现(xian)代(dai)(dai)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)一体(ti)设(she)计、一并推(tui)(tui)进(jin)(jin)(jin),坚(jian)(jian)持(chi)创新(xin)(xin)驱动发(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan),以推(tui)(tui)动高(gao)质(zhi)量(liang)发(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)为(wei)主(zhu)题,统(tong)筹(chou)发(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)和安全(quan)(quan),落(luo)实加快(kuai)(kuai)构(gou)建(jian)新(xin)(xin)发(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)格(ge)局(ju)(ju)(ju)要求,巩固和完善(shan)农(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)基本经(jing)营制度,深入推(tui)(tui)进(jin)(jin)(jin)农(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)供给侧结构(gou)性改(gai)革(ge),把乡(xiang)村(cun)(cun)建(jian)设(she)摆在社(she)(she)会(hui)(hui)(hui)主(zhu)义(yi)(yi)现(xian)代(dai)(dai)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)建(jian)设(she)的重(zhong)要位置(zhi),全(quan)(quan)面(mian)推(tui)(tui)进(jin)(jin)(jin)乡(xiang)村(cun)(cun)产业(ye)(ye)、人(ren)才(cai)、文化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)、生态、组织振(zhen)兴,充分发(fa)挥农(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)产品供给、生态屏(ping)障、文化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)传承等功能,走中(zhong)国(guo)特色社(she)(she)会(hui)(hui)(hui)主(zhu)义(yi)(yi)乡(xiang)村(cun)(cun)振(zhen)兴道路,加快(kuai)(kuai)农(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)农(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)现(xian)代(dai)(dai)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua),加快(kuai)(kuai)形成工农(nong)(nong)(nong)互促(cu)、城乡(xiang)互补(bu)、协调发(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)、共(gong)同(tong)繁(fan)荣(rong)的新(xin)(xin)型工农(nong)(nong)(nong)城乡(xiang)关系,促(cu)进(jin)(jin)(jin)农(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)高(gao)质(zhi)高(gao)效、乡(xiang)村(cun)(cun)宜居宜业(ye)(ye)、农(nong)(nong)(nong)民富裕富足(zu),为(wei)全(quan)(quan)面(mian)建(jian)设(she)社(she)(she)会(hui)(hui)(hui)主(zhu)义(yi)(yi)现(xian)代(dai)(dai)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)国(guo)家开(kai)好(hao)局(ju)(ju)(ju)、起好(hao)步(bu)提供有力支撑(cheng)。

(二)目(mu)标任务(wu)。2021年,农(nong)业供(gong)给侧结构性改(gai)革深入推进,粮食(shi)播种面积保(bao)持稳定(ding)、产(chan)量(liang)达(da)到1.3万亿斤(jin)以上,生猪产(chan)业平(ping)稳发展,农(nong)产(chan)品(pin)质(zhi)量(liang)和食(shi)品(pin)安全(quan)水平(ping)进一步提高,农(nong)民收(shou)入增长继续快于(yu)城(cheng)镇居民,脱贫(pin)攻坚成果持续巩固。农(nong)业农(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)现(xian)代(dai)化规划启(qi)动(dong)实(shi)施,脱贫(pin)攻坚政策(ce)体系和工作机(ji)制同乡村(cun)(cun)(cun)振兴有效(xiao)衔接、平(ping)稳过渡,乡村(cun)(cun)(cun)建设(she)行动(dong)全(quan)面启(qi)动(dong),农(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)人(ren)居环境整(zheng)治提升,农(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)改(gai)革重点任务(wu)深入推进,农(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)社会保(bao)持和谐稳定(ding)。

到2025年,农(nong)(nong)业(ye)农(nong)(nong)村(cun)现代化(hua)取得(de)重要(yao)进(jin)展(zhan),农(nong)(nong)业(ye)基础设施现代化(hua)迈上(shang)新台阶,农(nong)(nong)村(cun)生(sheng)(sheng)活(huo)设施便利化(hua)初步实现,城(cheng)乡(xiang)基本公共服务均(jun)等化(hua)水(shui)平明(ming)(ming)显提高(gao)。农(nong)(nong)业(ye)基础更(geng)加(jia)稳(wen)固,粮食和(he)(he)重要(yao)农(nong)(nong)产品供应保(bao)障更(geng)加(jia)有力(li),农(nong)(nong)业(ye)生(sheng)(sheng)产结构和(he)(he)区(qu)域布局明(ming)(ming)显优化(hua),农(nong)(nong)业(ye)质量(liang)(liang)效益和(he)(he)竞争力(li)明(ming)(ming)显提升,现代乡(xiang)村(cun)产业(ye)体系(xi)基本形成,有条件的地(di)区(qu)率(lv)先基本实现农(nong)(nong)业(ye)现代化(hua)。脱(tuo)贫攻(gong)坚成果巩固拓展(zhan),城(cheng)乡(xiang)居民收入差距持续缩小(xiao)。农(nong)(nong)村(cun)生(sheng)(sheng)产生(sheng)(sheng)活(huo)方式绿色转型取得(de)积极进(jin)展(zhan),化(hua)肥农(nong)(nong)药(yao)使用量(liang)(liang)持续减少(shao),农(nong)(nong)村(cun)生(sheng)(sheng)态环(huan)境得(de)到明(ming)(ming)显改(gai)善。乡(xiang)村(cun)建设行动取得(de)明(ming)(ming)显成效,乡(xiang)村(cun)面(mian)貌发生(sheng)(sheng)显著变化(hua),乡(xiang)村(cun)发展(zhan)活(huo)力(li)充分激发,乡(xiang)村(cun)文明(ming)(ming)程度得(de)到新提升,农(nong)(nong)村(cun)发展(zhan)安全保(bao)障更(geng)加(jia)有力(li),农(nong)(nong)民获得(de)感、幸福感、安全感明(ming)(ming)显提高(gao)。

二、实现巩固拓展脱贫攻坚成果同乡村振兴有效衔接

(三)设(she)立(li)(li)衔接过(guo)渡(du)期(qi)(qi)。脱(tuo)(tuo)贫攻坚目标任务完(wan)成(cheng)后,对摆脱(tuo)(tuo)贫困(kun)的县(xian),从脱(tuo)(tuo)贫之(zhi)日起设(she)立(li)(li)5年过(guo)渡(du)期(qi)(qi),做到扶(fu)上马送一(yi)程。过(guo)渡(du)期(qi)(qi)内保(bao)(bao)持现(xian)有(you)主要(yao)帮扶(fu)政(zheng)策总体(ti)稳定(ding),并逐(zhu)项分类优(you)化调(diao)整(zheng),合理(li)把(ba)握(wo)节奏(zou)、力度和时(shi)限,逐(zhu)步实(shi)现(xian)由集中资源(yuan)支持脱(tuo)(tuo)贫攻坚向全面推进乡村(cun)振兴平稳过(guo)渡(du),推动“三农”工(gong)作重(zhong)心历史性转(zhuan)移。抓紧出台(tai)各(ge)项政(zheng)策完(wan)善优(you)化的具(ju)体(ti)实(shi)施办法,确保(bao)(bao)工(gong)作不(bu)留(liu)空(kong)(kong)档、政(zheng)策不(bu)留(liu)空(kong)(kong)白。

(四)持(chi)(chi)续(xu)(xu)(xu)巩固拓展脱贫(pin)攻坚成果(guo)。健全防(fang)止返贫(pin)动态监测和(he)(he)帮扶机制(zhi),对(dui)易(yi)返贫(pin)致(zhi)贫(pin)人口及时发现、及时帮扶,守住防(fang)止规(gui)模性(xing)返贫(pin)底(di)线(xian)。以大中型(xing)集中安(an)置(zhi)区(qu)为重点,扎实做好易(yi)地搬迁后(hou)续(xu)(xu)(xu)帮扶工作,持(chi)(chi)续(xu)(xu)(xu)加大就业(ye)和(he)(he)产业(ye)扶持(chi)(chi)力(li)度(du),继续(xu)(xu)(xu)完(wan)善安(an)置(zhi)区(qu)配套基础设施(shi)、产业(ye)园(yuan)区(qu)配套设施(shi)、公共服务设施(shi),切实提升社区(qu)治理(li)能力(li)。加强扶贫(pin)项目资产管理(li)和(he)(he)监督(du)。

(五)接续推(tui)进脱(tuo)(tuo)(tuo)贫地区(qu)乡村(cun)振兴。实施脱(tuo)(tuo)(tuo)贫地区(qu)特色(se)种养业(ye)提升(sheng)行(xing)动(dong),广(guang)泛开展农产(chan)品(pin)产(chan)销(xiao)对(dui)接活动(dong),深化拓展消费帮(bang)扶。持(chi)续做好有组(zu)织劳务输出工(gong)作。统筹用(yong)好公益岗位,对(dui)符合(he)条件的就(jiu)(jiu)业(ye)困难人员进行(xing)就(jiu)(jiu)业(ye)援(yuan)助。在(zai)农业(ye)农村(cun)基(ji)础(chu)(chu)设(she)施建设(she)领域推(tui)广(guang)以工(gong)代赈方式(shi),吸纳更多脱(tuo)(tuo)(tuo)贫人口(kou)和低(di)收(shou)入人口(kou)就(jiu)(jiu)地就(jiu)(jiu)近就(jiu)(jiu)业(ye)。在(zai)脱(tuo)(tuo)(tuo)贫地区(qu)重点建设(she)一(yi)(yi)批区(qu)域性和跨区(qu)域重大基(ji)础(chu)(chu)设(she)施工(gong)程。加大对(dui)脱(tuo)(tuo)(tuo)贫县(xian)(xian)乡村(cun)振兴支(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)持(chi)力度。在(zai)西(xi)部(bu)地区(qu)脱(tuo)(tuo)(tuo)贫县(xian)(xian)中确定一(yi)(yi)批国家乡村(cun)振兴重点帮(bang)扶县(xian)(xian)集中支(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)持(chi)。支(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)持(chi)各地自主选择部(bu)分脱(tuo)(tuo)(tuo)贫县(xian)(xian)作为乡村(cun)振兴重点帮(bang)扶县(xian)(xian)。坚(jian)持(chi)和完善(shan)东西(xi)部(bu)协作和对(dui)口(kou)支(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)援(yuan)、社会力量参与帮(bang)扶等机制(zhi)。

(六)加强农村(cun)(cun)低收(shou)(shou)(shou)入(ru)人(ren)口(kou)(kou)常态(tai)化帮扶。开展农村(cun)(cun)低收(shou)(shou)(shou)入(ru)人(ren)口(kou)(kou)动态(tai)监测,实行(xing)分(fen)层分(fen)类(lei)帮扶。对有劳(lao)(lao)动能(neng)力的农村(cun)(cun)低收(shou)(shou)(shou)入(ru)人(ren)口(kou)(kou),坚持开发(fa)式帮扶,帮助其提高内生发(fa)展能(neng)力,发(fa)展产业、参与就业,依靠双手勤劳(lao)(lao)致富(fu)。对脱(tuo)贫人(ren)口(kou)(kou)中丧失(shi)劳(lao)(lao)动能(neng)力且(qie)无法通过产业就业获得稳定收(shou)(shou)(shou)入(ru)的人(ren)口(kou)(kou),以现有社会保障体系(xi)为基础,按规定纳(na)入(ru)农村(cun)(cun)低保或(huo)特困(kun)人(ren)员(yuan)救助供养(yang)范围,并(bing)按困(kun)难类(lei)型及(ji)时给予专项救助、临(lin)时救助。

三、加快推进农业现代化

(七)提(ti)(ti)升粮(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)食(shi)(shi)(shi)和(he)(he)重要(yao)农(nong)(nong)(nong)产(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)供(gong)(gong)给保(bao)(bao)障能力(li)。地方各级(ji)党委和(he)(he)政府要(yao)切实(shi)(shi)(shi)扛起(qi)粮(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)食(shi)(shi)(shi)安(an)全(quan)(quan)(quan)政治(zhi)责(ze)任,实(shi)(shi)(shi)行粮(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)食(shi)(shi)(shi)安(an)全(quan)(quan)(quan)党政同责(ze)。深(shen)入(ru)实(shi)(shi)(shi)施(shi)重要(yao)农(nong)(nong)(nong)产(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)保(bao)(bao)障战(zhan)略,完善(shan)(shan)(shan)粮(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)食(shi)(shi)(shi)安(an)全(quan)(quan)(quan)省(sheng)长责(ze)任制和(he)(he)“菜(cai)(cai)篮子”市长负责(ze)制,确保(bao)(bao)粮(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)、棉(mian)、油(you)(you)、糖、肉等供(gong)(gong)给安(an)全(quan)(quan)(quan)。“十四五(wu)”时期(qi)各省(sheng)(自治(zhi)区(qu)、直(zhi)辖(xia)市)要(yao)稳定粮(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)食(shi)(shi)(shi)播种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)面积(ji)、提(ti)(ti)高单产(chan)(chan)水(shui)平。加强(qiang)粮(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)食(shi)(shi)(shi)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)产(chan)(chan)功能区(qu)和(he)(he)重要(yao)农(nong)(nong)(nong)产(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)产(chan)(chan)保(bao)(bao)护区(qu)建(jian)(jian)(jian)设。建(jian)(jian)(jian)设国(guo)家(jia)粮(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)食(shi)(shi)(shi)安(an)全(quan)(quan)(quan)产(chan)(chan)业(ye)带。稳定种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)粮(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)农(nong)(nong)(nong)民补(bu)(bu)贴,让种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)粮(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)有(you)合理收益。坚(jian)持并(bing)完善(shan)(shan)(shan)稻谷、小麦最低收购价政策,完善(shan)(shan)(shan)玉(yu)米(mi)、大(da)(da)豆生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)产(chan)(chan)者补(bu)(bu)贴政策。深(shen)入(ru)推(tui)进(jin)农(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)结(jie)构(gou)调(diao)整,推(tui)动品(pin)(pin)种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)培(pei)优(you)、品(pin)(pin)质提(ti)(ti)升、品(pin)(pin)牌打造(zao)和(he)(he)标准(zhun)化(hua)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)产(chan)(chan)。鼓励发(fa)展青贮玉(yu)米(mi)等优(you)质饲草饲料,稳定大(da)(da)豆生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)产(chan)(chan),多措并(bing)举发(fa)展油(you)(you)菜(cai)(cai)、花生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)等油(you)(you)料作物(wu)。健(jian)全(quan)(quan)(quan)产(chan)(chan)粮(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)大(da)(da)县(xian)(xian)支持政策体系(xi)。扩大(da)(da)稻谷、小麦、玉(yu)米(mi)三大(da)(da)粮(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)食(shi)(shi)(shi)作物(wu)完全(quan)(quan)(quan)成(cheng)本(ben)保(bao)(bao)险(xian)和(he)(he)收入(ru)保(bao)(bao)险(xian)试点(dian)范围,支持有(you)条件的省(sheng)份降低产(chan)(chan)粮(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)大(da)(da)县(xian)(xian)三大(da)(da)粮(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)食(shi)(shi)(shi)作物(wu)农(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)保(bao)(bao)险(xian)保(bao)(bao)费县(xian)(xian)级(ji)补(bu)(bu)贴比例。深(shen)入(ru)推(tui)进(jin)优(you)质粮(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)食(shi)(shi)(shi)工(gong)程。加快构(gou)建(jian)(jian)(jian)现代养殖体系(xi),保(bao)(bao)护生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)猪基(ji)础产(chan)(chan)能,健(jian)全(quan)(quan)(quan)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)猪产(chan)(chan)业(ye)平稳有(you)序发(fa)展长效机制,积(ji)极发(fa)展牛羊产(chan)(chan)业(ye),继续实(shi)(shi)(shi)施(shi)奶业(ye)振兴(xing)行动,推(tui)进(jin)水(shui)产(chan)(chan)绿色健(jian)康养殖。推(tui)进(jin)渔港建(jian)(jian)(jian)设和(he)(he)管理改革。促进(jin)木本(ben)粮(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)油(you)(you)和(he)(he)林下经济(ji)发(fa)展。优(you)化(hua)农(nong)(nong)(nong)产(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)贸易布局,实(shi)(shi)(shi)施(shi)农(nong)(nong)(nong)产(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)进(jin)口(kou)多元化(hua)战(zhan)略,支持企业(ye)融入(ru)全(quan)(quan)(quan)球农(nong)(nong)(nong)产(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)供(gong)(gong)应链。保(bao)(bao)持打击重点(dian)农(nong)(nong)(nong)产(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)走私(si)高压态势。加强(qiang)口(kou)岸检疫和(he)(he)外来入(ru)侵物(wu)种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)防控(kong)。开展粮(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)食(shi)(shi)(shi)节约行动,减少生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)产(chan)(chan)、流通、加工(gong)、存储、消费环节粮(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)食(shi)(shi)(shi)损(sun)耗浪(lang)费。

(八)打(da)好种(zhong)(zhong)业(ye)翻(fan)身仗。农(nong)业(ye)现代(dai)化,种(zhong)(zhong)子(zi)是基(ji)础(chu)。加(jia)(jia)强(qiang)(qiang)农(nong)业(ye)种(zhong)(zhong)质(zhi)资(zi)源(yuan)保(bao)护开发(fa)利用,加(jia)(jia)快(kuai)第(di)三次农(nong)作物(wu)(wu)种(zhong)(zhong)质(zhi)资(zi)源(yuan)、畜(chu)禽种(zhong)(zhong)质(zhi)资(zi)源(yuan)调查收集(ji),加(jia)(jia)强(qiang)(qiang)国家作物(wu)(wu)、畜(chu)禽和海洋(yang)渔业(ye)生(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)(wu)种(zhong)(zhong)质(zhi)资(zi)源(yuan)库(ku)建(jian)设。对(dui)育(yu)种(zhong)(zhong)基(ji)础(chu)性研(yan)究以及重(zhong)点育(yu)种(zhong)(zhong)项(xiang)目(mu)给予长期(qi)稳定支持。加(jia)(jia)快(kuai)实(shi)施农(nong)业(ye)生(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)(wu)育(yu)种(zhong)(zhong)重(zhong)大科技(ji)项(xiang)目(mu)。深入(ru)实(shi)施农(nong)作物(wu)(wu)和畜(chu)禽良种(zhong)(zhong)联合(he)攻关。实(shi)施新(xin)一(yi)轮畜(chu)禽遗(yi)传改良计划和现代(dai)种(zhong)(zhong)业(ye)提升工程。尊(zun)重(zhong)科学(xue)、严(yan)格(ge)监管,有序推(tui)(tui)进(jin)生(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)(wu)育(yu)种(zhong)(zhong)产业(ye)化应(ying)用。加(jia)(jia)强(qiang)(qiang)育(yu)种(zhong)(zhong)领域知识产权保(bao)护。支持种(zhong)(zhong)业(ye)龙头企业(ye)建(jian)立健(jian)全商业(ye)化育(yu)种(zhong)(zhong)体系,加(jia)(jia)快(kuai)建(jian)设南繁(fan)硅谷,加(jia)(jia)强(qiang)(qiang)制种(zhong)(zhong)基(ji)地(di)和良种(zhong)(zhong)繁(fan)育(yu)体系建(jian)设,研(yan)究重(zhong)大品种(zhong)(zhong)研(yan)发(fa)与推(tui)(tui)广后(hou)补(bu)助政策,促进(jin)育(yu)繁(fan)推(tui)(tui)一(yi)体化发(fa)展(zhan)。

(九(jiu))坚决(jue)守住18亿(yi)(yi)亩耕(geng)(geng)(geng)(geng)地(di)(di)(di)(di)红线。统筹(chou)布局生态(tai)、农业、城(cheng)镇等(deng)功能(neng)空(kong)间,科(ke)学划定各类空(kong)间管控边(bian)界,严(yan)(yan)格(ge)(ge)实(shi)行(xing)土(tu)地(di)(di)(di)(di)用(yong)(yong)途管制(zhi)(zhi)。采取“长牙齿”的(de)措施(shi),落实(shi)最严(yan)(yan)格(ge)(ge)的(de)耕(geng)(geng)(geng)(geng)地(di)(di)(di)(di)保护制(zhi)(zhi)度。严(yan)(yan)禁违规占(zhan)用(yong)(yong)耕(geng)(geng)(geng)(geng)地(di)(di)(di)(di)和(he)(he)(he)违背自然规律绿(lv)化(hua)造林、挖湖造景,严(yan)(yan)格(ge)(ge)控制(zhi)(zhi)非(fei)(fei)农建(jian)(jian)设(she)占(zhan)用(yong)(yong)耕(geng)(geng)(geng)(geng)地(di)(di)(di)(di),深入推进农村乱占(zhan)耕(geng)(geng)(geng)(geng)地(di)(di)(di)(di)建(jian)(jian)房(fang)专(zhuan)项整治行(xing)动(dong),坚决(jue)遏制(zhi)(zhi)耕(geng)(geng)(geng)(geng)地(di)(di)(di)(di)“非(fei)(fei)农化(hua)”、防止“非(fei)(fei)粮化(hua)”。明确耕(geng)(geng)(geng)(geng)地(di)(di)(di)(di)利(li)用(yong)(yong)优先(xian)序(xu),永(yong)久基本(ben)农田重点用(yong)(yong)于粮食特(te)别是口(kou)粮生产(chan),一般(ban)耕(geng)(geng)(geng)(geng)地(di)(di)(di)(di)主要(yao)用(yong)(yong)于粮食和(he)(he)(he)棉、油、糖、蔬菜等(deng)农产(chan)品及(ji)饲草饲料生产(chan)。明确耕(geng)(geng)(geng)(geng)地(di)(di)(di)(di)和(he)(he)(he)永(yong)久基本(ben)农田不同的(de)管制(zhi)(zhi)目标(biao)(biao)(biao)(biao)和(he)(he)(he)管制(zhi)(zhi)强度,严(yan)(yan)格(ge)(ge)控制(zhi)(zhi)耕(geng)(geng)(geng)(geng)地(di)(di)(di)(di)转(zhuan)为林地(di)(di)(di)(di)、园地(di)(di)(di)(di)等(deng)其他类型农用(yong)(yong)地(di)(di)(di)(di),强化(hua)土(tu)地(di)(di)(di)(di)流转(zhuan)用(yong)(yong)途监管,确保耕(geng)(geng)(geng)(geng)地(di)(di)(di)(di)数(shu)量不减少、质(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)量有提高(gao)。实(shi)施(shi)新一轮高(gao)标(biao)(biao)(biao)(biao)准(zhun)(zhun)农田建(jian)(jian)设(she)规划,提高(gao)建(jian)(jian)设(she)标(biao)(biao)(biao)(biao)准(zhun)(zhun)和(he)(he)(he)质(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)量,健全管护机制(zhi)(zhi),多(duo)渠道筹(chou)集建(jian)(jian)设(she)资金(jin),中央和(he)(he)(he)地(di)(di)(di)(di)方共(gong)同加(jia)大粮食主产(chan)区高(gao)标(biao)(biao)(biao)(biao)准(zhun)(zhun)农田建(jian)(jian)设(she)投入,2021年建(jian)(jian)设(she)1亿(yi)(yi)亩旱涝保收、高(gao)产(chan)稳产(chan)高(gao)标(biao)(biao)(biao)(biao)准(zhun)(zhun)农田。在高(gao)标(biao)(biao)(biao)(biao)准(zhun)(zhun)农田建(jian)(jian)设(she)中增(zeng)加(jia)的(de)耕(geng)(geng)(geng)(geng)地(di)(di)(di)(di)作为占(zhan)补(bu)(bu)(bu)平衡补(bu)(bu)(bu)充耕(geng)(geng)(geng)(geng)地(di)(di)(di)(di)指标(biao)(biao)(biao)(biao)在省域内(nei)调剂(ji),所得收益用(yong)(yong)于高(gao)标(biao)(biao)(biao)(biao)准(zhun)(zhun)农田建(jian)(jian)设(she)。加(jia)强和(he)(he)(he)改进建(jian)(jian)设(she)占(zhan)用(yong)(yong)耕(geng)(geng)(geng)(geng)地(di)(di)(di)(di)占(zhan)补(bu)(bu)(bu)平衡管理,严(yan)(yan)格(ge)(ge)新增(zeng)耕(geng)(geng)(geng)(geng)地(di)(di)(di)(di)核实(shi)认定和(he)(he)(he)监管。健全耕(geng)(geng)(geng)(geng)地(di)(di)(di)(di)数(shu)量和(he)(he)(he)质(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)量监测监管机制(zhi)(zhi),加(jia)强耕(geng)(geng)(geng)(geng)地(di)(di)(di)(di)保护督察和(he)(he)(he)执法监督,开展(zhan)“十三(san)五”时期省级政府(fu)耕(geng)(geng)(geng)(geng)地(di)(di)(di)(di)保护责任目标(biao)(biao)(biao)(biao)考核。

(十)强化(hua)(hua)(hua)现代(dai)农业(ye)(ye)科(ke)(ke)技和物(wu)质(zhi)装(zhuang)(zhuang)备支(zhi)撑。实施大(da)中型灌区续建配套和现代(dai)化(hua)(hua)(hua)改造(zao)。到(dao)2025年全(quan)部完(wan)成现有病险(xian)水(shui)库除险(xian)加固(gu)。坚持农业(ye)(ye)科(ke)(ke)技自立自强,完(wan)善(shan)农业(ye)(ye)科(ke)(ke)技领域基(ji)础研究稳(wen)定支(zhi)持机制,深(shen)(shen)化(hua)(hua)(hua)体制改革,布局建设(she)一批(pi)创新基(ji)地平(ping)台(tai)。深(shen)(shen)入(ru)开(kai)(kai)展乡村振兴(xing)科(ke)(ke)技支(zhi)撑行(xing)动(dong)。支(zhi)持高(gao)校为乡村振兴(xing)提(ti)供(gong)智力服(fu)务。加强农业(ye)(ye)科(ke)(ke)技社会化(hua)(hua)(hua)服(fu)务体系建设(she),深(shen)(shen)入(ru)推行(xing)科(ke)(ke)技特(te)派员制度(du)。打造(zao)国家热(re)带(dai)农业(ye)(ye)科(ke)(ke)学中心。提(ti)高(gao)农机装(zhuang)(zhuang)备自主研制能(neng)力,支(zhi)持高(gao)端智能(neng)、丘陵山区农机装(zhuang)(zhuang)备研发制造(zao),加大(da)购置补贴力度(du),开(kai)(kai)展农机作业(ye)(ye)补贴。强化(hua)(hua)(hua)动(dong)物(wu)防疫和农作物(wu)病虫(chong)害防治体系建设(she),提(ti)升防控能(neng)力。

(十一)构建(jian)(jian)(jian)现(xian)(xian)代(dai)(dai)(dai)乡村产(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)体系(xi)(xi)。依托(tuo)乡村特(te)(te)色优(you)势(shi)资源(yuan),打造农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)全(quan)(quan)产(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)链,把(ba)(ba)产(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)链主(zhu)(zhu)体留在县(xian)城,让农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)更多分享产(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)增值(zhi)收(shou)益。加(jia)快健全(quan)(quan)现(xian)(xian)代(dai)(dai)(dai)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)全(quan)(quan)产(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)链标准(zhun)体系(xi)(xi),推动新型农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)经营(ying)主(zhu)(zhu)体按(an)标生产(chan)(chan),培育农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)龙头企业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)标准(zhun)“领跑者”。立足县(xian)域布(bu)局特(te)(te)色农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)产(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)产(chan)(chan)地初加(jia)工和(he)(he)精(jing)深加(jia)工,建(jian)(jian)(jian)设现(xian)(xian)代(dai)(dai)(dai)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)产(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)园、农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)产(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)强镇、优(you)势(shi)特(te)(te)色产(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)集(ji)群。推进(jin)(jin)(jin)公(gong)益性(xing)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)产(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)市(shi)场和(he)(he)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)产(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)流通骨干网络(luo)建(jian)(jian)(jian)设。开(kai)发休闲农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)和(he)(he)乡村旅游(you)精(jing)品(pin)(pin)线路,完善配套设施。推进(jin)(jin)(jin)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村一二三(san)产(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)融(rong)合(he)发展(zhan)示(shi)范园和(he)(he)科技示(shi)范园区(qu)(qu)(qu)(qu)建(jian)(jian)(jian)设。把(ba)(ba)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)现(xian)(xian)代(dai)(dai)(dai)化示(shi)范区(qu)(qu)(qu)(qu)作为推进(jin)(jin)(jin)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)现(xian)(xian)代(dai)(dai)(dai)化的重要(yao)抓(zhua)手,围绕提高(gao)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)产(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)体系(xi)(xi)、生产(chan)(chan)体系(xi)(xi)、经营(ying)体系(xi)(xi)现(xian)(xian)代(dai)(dai)(dai)化水平,建(jian)(jian)(jian)立指标体系(xi)(xi),加(jia)强资源(yuan)整合(he)、政(zheng)策集(ji)成(cheng),以县(xian)(市(shi)、区(qu)(qu)(qu)(qu))为单(dan)位开(kai)展(zhan)创建(jian)(jian)(jian),到2025年创建(jian)(jian)(jian)500个左右示(shi)范区(qu)(qu)(qu)(qu),形成(cheng)梯次推进(jin)(jin)(jin)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)现(xian)(xian)代(dai)(dai)(dai)化的格局。创建(jian)(jian)(jian)现(xian)(xian)代(dai)(dai)(dai)林业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)产(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)示(shi)范区(qu)(qu)(qu)(qu)。组织开(kai)展(zhan)“万(wan)企兴万(wan)村”行动。稳步推进(jin)(jin)(jin)反映全(quan)(quan)产(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)链价值(zhi)的农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)及相(xiang)关产(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)统(tong)计核算。

(十二(er))推(tui)进(jin)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)绿(lv)色发展(zhan)。实施(shi)国家黑土地保护工程(cheng),推(tui)广保护性耕作(zuo)模(mo)式(shi)。健全耕地休耕轮作(zuo)制(zhi)度(du)。持续(xu)推(tui)进(jin)化肥农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)药(yao)减量(liang)增效,推(tui)广农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)作(zuo)物病虫害(hai)绿(lv)色防控(kong)产(chan)品和(he)(he)(he)技术。加(jia)强(qiang)畜禽粪污资(zi)源化利(li)用。全面(mian)实施(shi)秸秆综(zong)合利(li)用和(he)(he)(he)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)膜(mo)、农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)药(yao)包(bao)装物回收行(xing)动,加(jia)强(qiang)可降解(jie)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)膜(mo)研发推(tui)广。在长(zhang)江(jiang)(jiang)经(jing)济带、黄河流域建(jian)设(she)一批(pi)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)面(mian)源污染综(zong)合治(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)理(li)示范县。支持国家农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)绿(lv)色发展(zhan)先行(xing)区(qu)建(jian)设(she)。加(jia)强(qiang)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)产(chan)品质量(liang)和(he)(he)(he)食品安全监管,发展(zhan)绿(lv)色农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)产(chan)品、有(you)机农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)产(chan)品和(he)(he)(he)地理(li)标(biao)志(zhi)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)产(chan)品,试行(xing)食用农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)产(chan)品达标(biao)合格证制(zhi)度(du),推(tui)进(jin)国家农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)产(chan)品质量(liang)安全县创建(jian)。加(jia)强(qiang)水(shui)(shui)生生物资(zi)源养护,推(tui)进(jin)以长(zhang)江(jiang)(jiang)为重(zhong)点的(de)渔政(zheng)执法能(neng)力建(jian)设(she),确(que)保十年禁(jin)(jin)渔令有(you)效落实,做好退捕渔民安置保障工作(zuo)。发展(zhan)节水(shui)(shui)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)和(he)(he)(he)旱作(zuo)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)。推(tui)进(jin)荒漠化、石漠化、坡耕地水(shui)(shui)土流失(shi)综(zong)合治(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)理(li)和(he)(he)(he)土壤污染防治(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)、重(zhong)点区(qu)域地下水(shui)(shui)保护与超采治(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)理(li)。实施(shi)水(shui)(shui)系连通及农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村水(shui)(shui)系综(zong)合整治(zhi)(zhi)(zhi),强(qiang)化河湖长(zhang)制(zhi)。巩固(gu)退耕还林还草(cao)成果(guo),完善政(zheng)策(ce)(ce)、有(you)序(xu)推(tui)进(jin)。实行(xing)林长(zhang)制(zhi)。科学开展(zhan)大规模(mo)国土绿(lv)化行(xing)动。完善草(cao)原生态保护补助奖励政(zheng)策(ce)(ce),全面(mian)推(tui)进(jin)草(cao)原禁(jin)(jin)牧(mu)轮牧(mu)休牧(mu),加(jia)强(qiang)草(cao)原鼠(shu)害(hai)防治(zhi)(zhi)(zhi),稳步恢复草(cao)原生态环境。

(十三)推(tui)进(jin)现(xian)代农(nong)(nong)业经(jing)营(ying)体系建设(she)。突出抓好家庭(ting)农(nong)(nong)场和农(nong)(nong)民(min)合(he)(he)作(zuo)(zuo)社(she)(she)两类经(jing)营(ying)主体,鼓(gu)励(li)发(fa)展(zhan)多种形式适度规模经(jing)营(ying)。实施(shi)家庭(ting)农(nong)(nong)场培育(yu)计划(hua),把农(nong)(nong)业规模经(jing)营(ying)户培育(yu)成(cheng)有活力的家庭(ting)农(nong)(nong)场。推(tui)进(jin)农(nong)(nong)民(min)合(he)(he)作(zuo)(zuo)社(she)(she)质(zhi)量提升,加(jia)大对(dui)运行规范的农(nong)(nong)民(min)合(he)(he)作(zuo)(zuo)社(she)(she)扶持(chi)力度。发(fa)展(zhan)壮大农(nong)(nong)业专业化(hua)社(she)(she)会(hui)化(hua)服务(wu)组织,将先进(jin)适用的品种、投入品、技术、装备导入小农(nong)(nong)户。支(zhi)持(chi)市(shi)场主体建设(she)区域性农(nong)(nong)业全产(chan)业链综(zong)合(he)(he)服务(wu)中心。支(zhi)持(chi)农(nong)(nong)业产(chan)业化(hua)龙头企业创(chuang)新(xin)发(fa)展(zhan)、做大做强。深化(hua)供销合(he)(he)作(zuo)(zuo)社(she)(she)综(zong)合(he)(he)改(gai)革,开(kai)展(zhan)生产(chan)、供销、信用“三位一(yi)体”综(zong)合(he)(he)合(he)(he)作(zuo)(zuo)试点,健全服务(wu)农(nong)(nong)民(min)生产(chan)生活综(zong)合(he)(he)平(ping)台。培育(yu)高(gao)素(su)质(zhi)农(nong)(nong)民(min),组织参(can)加(jia)技能(neng)评价、学历(li)教育(yu),设(she)立专门面(mian)向农(nong)(nong)民(min)的技能(neng)大赛。吸(xi)引城市(shi)各方面(mian)人才(cai)到农(nong)(nong)村创(chuang)业创(chuang)新(xin),参(can)与乡村振兴和现(xian)代农(nong)(nong)业建设(she)。

四、大力实施乡村建设行动

(十四)加(jia)快推(tui)进村(cun)(cun)庄(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)规(gui)(gui)划(hua)(hua)(hua)工作。2021年(nian)基(ji)本完(wan)成县级国(guo)土(tu)空间规(gui)(gui)划(hua)(hua)(hua)编(bian)(bian)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi),明确(que)村(cun)(cun)庄(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)布局分(fen)类。积极有(you)(you)(you)序推(tui)进“多规(gui)(gui)合一”实(shi)(shi)用(yong)性村(cun)(cun)庄(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)规(gui)(gui)划(hua)(hua)(hua)编(bian)(bian)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi),对有(you)(you)(you)条件、有(you)(you)(you)需(xu)求(qiu)的(de)村(cun)(cun)庄(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)尽快实(shi)(shi)现(xian)村(cun)(cun)庄(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)规(gui)(gui)划(hua)(hua)(hua)全(quan)(quan)覆盖。对暂时没有(you)(you)(you)编(bian)(bian)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)规(gui)(gui)划(hua)(hua)(hua)的(de)村(cun)(cun)庄(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang),严(yan)(yan)格(ge)按(an)照县乡两级国(guo)土(tu)空间规(gui)(gui)划(hua)(hua)(hua)中确(que)定的(de)用(yong)途管制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)和(he)(he)(he)建(jian)(jian)设管理要(yao)求(qiu)进行建(jian)(jian)设。编(bian)(bian)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)村(cun)(cun)庄(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)规(gui)(gui)划(hua)(hua)(hua)要(yao)立足现(xian)有(you)(you)(you)基(ji)础,保(bao)留乡村(cun)(cun)特(te)色风貌,不(bu)搞大(da)(da)拆大(da)(da)建(jian)(jian)。按(an)照规(gui)(gui)划(hua)(hua)(hua)有(you)(you)(you)序开(kai)展各项建(jian)(jian)设,严(yan)(yan)肃查(cha)处违规(gui)(gui)乱建(jian)(jian)行为。健全(quan)(quan)农房(fang)(fang)建(jian)(jian)设质(zhi)量安全(quan)(quan)法(fa)律法(fa)规(gui)(gui)和(he)(he)(he)监(jian)管体(ti)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi),3年(nian)内完(wan)成安全(quan)(quan)隐患排查(cha)整(zheng)治。完(wan)善建(jian)(jian)设标准和(he)(he)(he)规(gui)(gui)范(fan),提高农房(fang)(fang)设计(ji)水平和(he)(he)(he)建(jian)(jian)设质(zhi)量。继续实(shi)(shi)施农村(cun)(cun)危房(fang)(fang)改造和(he)(he)(he)地震高烈(lie)度设防地区农房(fang)(fang)抗震改造。加(jia)强(qiang)村(cun)(cun)庄(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)风貌引导,保(bao)护传(chuan)统村(cun)(cun)落、传(chuan)统民居和(he)(he)(he)历史文(wen)化名村(cun)(cun)名镇。加(jia)大(da)(da)农村(cun)(cun)地区文(wen)化遗产遗迹保(bao)护力度。乡村(cun)(cun)建(jian)(jian)设是(shi)为农民而建(jian)(jian),要(yao)因地制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)宜(yi)、稳扎稳打,不(bu)刮风搞运动(dong)。严(yan)(yan)格(ge)规(gui)(gui)范(fan)村(cun)(cun)庄(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)撤(che)并(bing),不(bu)得(de)违背农民意愿、强(qiang)迫农民上(shang)楼,把好事(shi)办好、把实(shi)(shi)事(shi)办实(shi)(shi)。

(十五)加(jia)(jia)(jia)强(qiang)(qiang)乡(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)公共(gong)基(ji)(ji)础(chu)设(she)(she)(she)施(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)建(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she)(she)(she)。继(ji)续(xu)把公共(gong)基(ji)(ji)础(chu)设(she)(she)(she)施(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)建(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she)(she)(she)的重(zhong)点(dian)放在农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun),着力推(tui)进(jin)(jin)往村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)覆盖、往户(hu)延伸。实(shi)施(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)道(dao)路(lu)(lu)(lu)畅通(tong)工(gong)(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)。有(you)序实(shi)施(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)较大人(ren)口规模(mo)自然村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(组)通(tong)硬化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)路(lu)(lu)(lu)。加(jia)(jia)(jia)强(qiang)(qiang)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)资源(yuan)路(lu)(lu)(lu)、产业(ye)(ye)路(lu)(lu)(lu)、旅游路(lu)(lu)(lu)和村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)内主干道(dao)建(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she)(she)(she)。推(tui)进(jin)(jin)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)公路(lu)(lu)(lu)建(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she)(she)(she)项目(mu)更多向进(jin)(jin)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)入户(hu)倾斜。继(ji)续(xu)通(tong)过中央车购税补(bu)(bu)助(zhu)地方(fang)资金、成(cheng)品(pin)油税费改革转移支付、地方(fang)政府债券等(deng)渠道(dao),按规定支持农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)道(dao)路(lu)(lu)(lu)发(fa)(fa)展(zhan)。继(ji)续(xu)开展(zhan)“四好农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)路(lu)(lu)(lu)”示范创建(jian)(jian)(jian)。全面(mian)实(shi)施(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)路(lu)(lu)(lu)长(zhang)制(zhi)。开展(zhan)城乡(xiang)(xiang)交通(tong)一体化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)示范创建(jian)(jian)(jian)工(gong)(gong)(gong)作。加(jia)(jia)(jia)强(qiang)(qiang)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)道(dao)路(lu)(lu)(lu)桥梁安全隐患排查,落(luo)实(shi)管养(yang)主体责任(ren)。强(qiang)(qiang)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)道(dao)路(lu)(lu)(lu)交通(tong)安全监(jian)管。实(shi)施(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)供(gong)水(shui)保障工(gong)(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)。加(jia)(jia)(jia)强(qiang)(qiang)中小型水(shui)库等(deng)稳定水(shui)源(yuan)工(gong)(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)建(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she)(she)(she)和水(shui)源(yuan)保护,实(shi)施(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)规模(mo)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)供(gong)水(shui)工(gong)(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)建(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she)(she)(she)和小型工(gong)(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)标(biao)准化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)改造,有(you)条件的地区推(tui)进(jin)(jin)城乡(xiang)(xiang)供(gong)水(shui)一体化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua),到2025年农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)自来(lai)水(shui)普(pu)及(ji)率达到88%。完善(shan)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)水(shui)价水(shui)费形成(cheng)机(ji)(ji)制(zhi)和工(gong)(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)长(zhang)效运(yun)营机(ji)(ji)制(zhi)。实(shi)施(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)乡(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)清洁能源(yuan)建(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she)(she)(she)工(gong)(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)。加(jia)(jia)(jia)大农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)电(dian)网建(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she)(she)(she)力度(du),全面(mian)巩固(gu)提升(sheng)(sheng)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)电(dian)力保障水(shui)平。推(tui)进(jin)(jin)燃(ran)气(qi)下(xia)乡(xiang)(xiang),支持建(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she)(she)(she)安全可(ke)靠(kao)的乡(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)储气(qi)罐(guan)站和微管网供(gong)气(qi)系统。发(fa)(fa)展(zhan)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)生物质(zhi)能源(yuan)。加(jia)(jia)(jia)强(qiang)(qiang)煤炭清洁化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)利用。实(shi)施(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)数字乡(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)建(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she)(she)(she)发(fa)(fa)展(zhan)工(gong)(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)。推(tui)动农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)千(qian)兆光网、第五代(dai)移动通(tong)信(5G)、移动物联网与(yu)城市(shi)同步规划(hua)建(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she)(she)(she)。完善(shan)电(dian)信普(pu)遍服(fu)务(wu)(wu)补(bu)(bu)偿机(ji)(ji)制(zhi),支持农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)及(ji)偏远(yuan)地区信息通(tong)信基(ji)(ji)础(chu)设(she)(she)(she)施(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)建(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she)(she)(she)。加(jia)(jia)(jia)快建(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she)(she)(she)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)遥(yao)感卫星等(deng)天(tian)基(ji)(ji)设(she)(she)(she)施(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)。发(fa)(fa)展(zhan)智慧农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye),建(jian)(jian)(jian)立农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)大数据体系,推(tui)动新一代(dai)信息技术与(yu)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)生产经营深度(du)融(rong)合。完善(shan)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)气(qi)象综合监(jian)测网络(luo),提升(sheng)(sheng)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)气(qi)象灾(zai)害防(fang)范能力。加(jia)(jia)(jia)强(qiang)(qiang)乡(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)公共(gong)服(fu)务(wu)(wu)、社会治理等(deng)数字化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)智能化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)建(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she)(she)(she)。实(shi)施(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)级(ji)综合服(fu)务(wu)(wu)设(she)(she)(she)施(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)提升(sheng)(sheng)工(gong)(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)。加(jia)(jia)(jia)强(qiang)(qiang)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)级(ji)客运(yun)站点(dian)、文化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)体育、公共(gong)照明(ming)等(deng)服(fu)务(wu)(wu)设(she)(she)(she)施(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)建(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she)(she)(she)。

(十六)实施(shi)农(nong)(nong)村(cun)人居(ju)环(huan)境整治(zhi)提(ti)升五年(nian)行动(dong)。分类有序推(tui)(tui)进(jin)农(nong)(nong)村(cun)厕所(suo)(suo)革命,加快(kuai)研发干(gan)旱、寒冷地区卫(wei)生(sheng)厕所(suo)(suo)适(shi)用技术(shu)和产品,加强(qiang)中西部(bu)地区农(nong)(nong)村(cun)户用厕所(suo)(suo)改造。统(tong)筹农(nong)(nong)村(cun)改厕和污(wu)(wu)水(shui)、黑(hei)臭水(shui)体(ti)治(zhi)理(li)(li),因地制宜建(jian)设(she)(she)污(wu)(wu)水(shui)处(chu)理(li)(li)设(she)(she)施(shi)。健全(quan)农(nong)(nong)村(cun)生(sheng)活垃圾收运处(chu)置体(ti)系(xi),推(tui)(tui)进(jin)源头分类减量、资源化(hua)(hua)处(chu)理(li)(li)利(li)(li)用,建(jian)设(she)(she)一(yi)批有机废弃物综合处(chu)置利(li)(li)用设(she)(she)施(shi)。健全(quan)农(nong)(nong)村(cun)人居(ju)环(huan)境设(she)(she)施(shi)管护机制。有条(tiao)件的地区推(tui)(tui)广城乡(xiang)环(huan)卫(wei)一(yi)体(ti)化(hua)(hua)第三方治(zhi)理(li)(li)。深入推(tui)(tui)进(jin)村(cun)庄(zhuang)清洁和绿化(hua)(hua)行动(dong)。开展美丽(li)宜居(ju)村(cun)庄(zhuang)和美丽(li)庭院示范创建(jian)活动(dong)。

(十七)提(ti)(ti)升农(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)基(ji)(ji)本公(gong)共(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)服(fu)(fu)(fu)(fu)务(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)水(shui)(shui)平。建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)立城乡(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)公(gong)共(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)资源(yuan)均(jun)衡配置(zhi)机(ji)制(zhi),强化农(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)基(ji)(ji)本公(gong)共(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)服(fu)(fu)(fu)(fu)务(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)供(gong)给(ji)(ji)县(xian)乡(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)统筹(chou)(chou),逐步实(shi)现标准(zhun)统一(yi)、制(zhi)度(du)并轨。提(ti)(ti)高农(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)教(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)育(yu)质量(liang),多渠道增加(jia)农(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)普惠(hui)性学(xue)(xue)(xue)前教(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)育(yu)资源(yuan)供(gong)给(ji)(ji),继(ji)续改善乡(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)镇寄宿制(zhi)学(xue)(xue)(xue)校(xiao)办学(xue)(xue)(xue)条件,保留并办好必要(yao)的(de)乡(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)小规模学(xue)(xue)(xue)校(xiao),在县(xian)城和(he)(he)中(zhong)心镇新(xin)建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)改扩(kuo)建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)一(yi)批高中(zhong)和(he)(he)中(zhong)等(deng)职(zhi)(zhi)业(ye)学(xue)(xue)(xue)校(xiao)。完(wan)善农(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)特殊教(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)育(yu)保障机(ji)制(zhi)。推(tui)(tui)进(jin)县(xian)域(yu)(yu)内(nei)义务(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)教(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)育(yu)学(xue)(xue)(xue)校(xiao)校(xiao)长教(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)师(shi)交(jiao)流轮岗,支持建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she)(she)(she)城乡(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)学(xue)(xue)(xue)校(xiao)共(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)同体。面向(xiang)农(nong)(nong)民(min)就业(ye)创业(ye)需求,发(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)职(zhi)(zhi)业(ye)技(ji)术教(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)育(yu)与技(ji)能(neng)培训,建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she)(she)(she)一(yi)批产教(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)融合(he)(he)基(ji)(ji)地。开(kai)展(zhan)(zhan)耕读教(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)育(yu)。加(jia)快发(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)面向(xiang)乡(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)的(de)网(wang)络教(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)育(yu)。加(jia)大涉农(nong)(nong)高校(xiao)、涉农(nong)(nong)职(zhi)(zhi)业(ye)院(yuan)校(xiao)、涉农(nong)(nong)学(xue)(xue)(xue)科专业(ye)建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she)(she)(she)力度(du)。全面推(tui)(tui)进(jin)健(jian)(jian)康乡(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she)(she)(she),提(ti)(ti)升村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)卫(wei)(wei)生室(shi)标准(zhun)化建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she)(she)(she)和(he)(he)健(jian)(jian)康管理水(shui)(shui)平,推(tui)(tui)动(dong)乡(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)医生向(xiang)执(zhi)业(ye)(助(zhu)(zhu)理)医师(shi)转变,采取派(pai)驻、巡诊(zhen)等(deng)方式(shi)提(ti)(ti)高基(ji)(ji)层(ceng)卫(wei)(wei)生服(fu)(fu)(fu)(fu)务(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)水(shui)(shui)平。提(ti)(ti)升乡(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)镇卫(wei)(wei)生院(yuan)医疗服(fu)(fu)(fu)(fu)务(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)能(neng)力,选(xuan)建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)一(yi)批中(zhong)心卫(wei)(wei)生院(yuan)。加(jia)强县(xian)级(ji)医院(yuan)建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she)(she)(she),持续提(ti)(ti)升县(xian)级(ji)疾(ji)(ji)控(kong)机(ji)构应对(dui)重大疫情及(ji)突发(fa)公(gong)共(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)卫(wei)(wei)生事件能(neng)力。加(jia)强县(xian)域(yu)(yu)紧密(mi)型(xing)医共(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)体建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she)(she)(she),实(shi)行医保总额预算管理。加(jia)强妇幼、老(lao)年(nian)人(ren)、残疾(ji)(ji)人(ren)等(deng)重点人(ren)群(qun)健(jian)(jian)康服(fu)(fu)(fu)(fu)务(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)。健(jian)(jian)全统筹(chou)(chou)城乡(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)的(de)就业(ye)政策和(he)(he)服(fu)(fu)(fu)(fu)务(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)体系(xi),推(tui)(tui)动(dong)公(gong)共(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)就业(ye)服(fu)(fu)(fu)(fu)务(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)机(ji)构向(xiang)乡(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)延伸(shen)。深入实(shi)施(shi)新(xin)生代(dai)农(nong)(nong)民(min)工职(zhi)(zhi)业(ye)技(ji)能(neng)提(ti)(ti)升计划。完(wan)善统一(yi)的(de)城乡(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)居(ju)民(min)基(ji)(ji)本医疗保险制(zhi)度(du),合(he)(he)理提(ti)(ti)高政府(fu)补助(zhu)(zhu)标准(zhun)和(he)(he)个人(ren)缴费标准(zhun),健(jian)(jian)全重大疾(ji)(ji)病医疗保险和(he)(he)救助(zhu)(zhu)制(zhi)度(du)。落(luo)实(shi)城乡(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)居(ju)民(min)基(ji)(ji)本养(yang)(yang)(yang)(yang)老(lao)保险待遇确(que)定和(he)(he)正常调(diao)整机(ji)制(zhi)。推(tui)(tui)进(jin)城乡(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)低保制(zhi)度(du)统筹(chou)(chou)发(fa)展(zhan)(zhan),逐步提(ti)(ti)高特困(kun)人(ren)员供(gong)养(yang)(yang)(yang)(yang)服(fu)(fu)(fu)(fu)务(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)质量(liang)。加(jia)强对(dui)农(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)留守儿童和(he)(he)妇女、老(lao)年(nian)人(ren)以(yi)及(ji)困(kun)境儿童的(de)关爱服(fu)(fu)(fu)(fu)务(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)。健(jian)(jian)全县(xian)乡(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)衔接的(de)三级(ji)养(yang)(yang)(yang)(yang)老(lao)服(fu)(fu)(fu)(fu)务(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)网(wang)络,推(tui)(tui)动(dong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)级(ji)幸福院(yuan)、日间照料中(zhong)心等(deng)养(yang)(yang)(yang)(yang)老(lao)服(fu)(fu)(fu)(fu)务(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)设(she)(she)(she)施(shi)建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she)(she)(she),发(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)农(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)普惠(hui)型(xing)养(yang)(yang)(yang)(yang)老(lao)服(fu)(fu)(fu)(fu)务(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)和(he)(he)互助(zhu)(zhu)性养(yang)(yang)(yang)(yang)老(lao)。推(tui)(tui)进(jin)农(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)公(gong)益性殡葬设(she)(she)(she)施(shi)建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she)(she)(she)。推(tui)(tui)进(jin)城乡(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)公(gong)共(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)文(wen)化服(fu)(fu)(fu)(fu)务(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)体系(xi)一(yi)体建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she)(she)(she),创新(xin)实(shi)施(shi)文(wen)化惠(hui)民(min)工程(cheng)。

(十八(ba))全面促(cu)进(jin)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)消(xiao)费(fei)。加快完(wan)善(shan)(shan)县乡(xiang)村(cun)三级农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)物(wu)(wu)(wu)流体(ti)系,改造提(ti)升农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)寄递(di)物(wu)(wu)(wu)流基础设施,深入(ru)推进(jin)电子商务(wu)进(jin)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)和农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)产(chan)品(pin)出村(cun)进(jin)城,推动城乡(xiang)生产(chan)与消(xiao)费(fei)有(you)效对(dui)接。促(cu)进(jin)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)居民(min)(min)耐用消(xiao)费(fei)品(pin)更(geng)新(xin)换代。加快实施农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)产(chan)品(pin)仓储(chu)保鲜冷(leng)链物(wu)(wu)(wu)流设施建(jian)设工程(cheng),推进(jin)田(tian)头(tou)小型仓储(chu)保鲜冷(leng)链设施、产(chan)地低温(wen)直销配送中心、国家骨干(gan)冷(leng)链物(wu)(wu)(wu)流基地建(jian)设。完(wan)善(shan)(shan)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)生活性服务(wu)业支(zhi)持(chi)政(zheng)策,发展线上线下(xia)(xia)相结(jie)合的(de)服务(wu)网(wang)点,推动便利化(hua)、精细化(hua)、品(pin)质化(hua)发展,满足农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)居民(min)(min)消(xiao)费(fei)升级需要,吸(xi)引(yin)城市居民(min)(min)下(xia)(xia)乡(xiang)消(xiao)费(fei)。

(十九)加快县(xian)域内城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)乡融(rong)合发展。推(tui)(tui)(tui)进(jin)以(yi)人为(wei)核心的(de)(de)新型城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)镇(zhen)(zhen)(zhen)化(hua)(hua)(hua),促(cu)进(jin)大中(zhong)小(xiao)城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)市(shi)和小(xiao)城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)镇(zhen)(zhen)(zhen)协调发展。把(ba)县(xian)域作为(wei)城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)乡融(rong)合发展的(de)(de)重要(yao)切入(ru)点(dian),强(qiang)化(hua)(hua)(hua)统筹谋划和顶层设(she)(she)计,破除城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)乡分(fen)割(ge)的(de)(de)体制弊端(duan),加快打(da)通城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)乡要(yao)素平等(deng)交(jiao)换、双向流(liu)动的(de)(de)制度性通道。统筹县(xian)域产业、基础设(she)(she)施、公(gong)共服(fu)务(wu)(wu)、基本农(nong)田、生态保护、城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)镇(zhen)(zhen)(zhen)开发、村(cun)落分(fen)布等(deng)空间布局,强(qiang)化(hua)(hua)(hua)县(xian)城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)综合服(fu)务(wu)(wu)能(neng)力,把(ba)乡镇(zhen)(zhen)(zhen)建(jian)设(she)(she)成为(wei)服(fu)务(wu)(wu)农(nong)民的(de)(de)区域中(zhong)心,实现(xian)县(xian)乡村(cun)功能(neng)衔接(jie)互补。壮(zhuang)大县(xian)域经济,承(cheng)接(jie)适宜产业转(zhuan)移,培育支柱产业。加快小(xiao)城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)镇(zhen)(zhen)(zhen)发展,完(wan)善基础设(she)(she)施和公(gong)共服(fu)务(wu)(wu),发挥小(xiao)城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)镇(zhen)(zhen)(zhen)连接(jie)城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)市(shi)、服(fu)务(wu)(wu)乡村(cun)作用。推(tui)(tui)(tui)进(jin)以(yi)县(xian)城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)为(wei)重要(yao)载体的(de)(de)城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)镇(zhen)(zhen)(zhen)化(hua)(hua)(hua)建(jian)设(she)(she),有条(tiao)件的(de)(de)地区按照小(xiao)城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)市(shi)标准建(jian)设(she)(she)县(xian)城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)。积(ji)极推(tui)(tui)(tui)进(jin)扩权强(qiang)镇(zhen)(zhen)(zhen),规划建(jian)设(she)(she)一批重点(dian)镇(zhen)(zhen)(zhen)。开展乡村(cun)全域土(tu)地综合整治试点(dian)。推(tui)(tui)(tui)动在县(xian)域就(jiu)业的(de)(de)农(nong)民工(gong)就(jiu)地市(shi)民化(hua)(hua)(hua),增(zeng)加适应进(jin)城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)农(nong)民刚性需求的(de)(de)住(zhu)房供给。鼓励地方(fang)建(jian)设(she)(she)返乡入(ru)乡创(chuang)业园和孵(fu)化(hua)(hua)(hua)实训基地。

(二十)强(qiang)化农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)优(you)(you)先发(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)投(tou)入(ru)(ru)保(bao)(bao)(bao)障。继续把农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)作为一般公共预算(suan)优(you)(you)先保(bao)(bao)(bao)障领(ling)域(yu)(yu)(yu)。中(zhong)央预算(suan)内(nei)(nei)投(tou)资进一步向农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)倾斜。制(zhi)定(ding)(ding)(ding)落实提(ti)高(gao)(gao)土地(di)出让收(shou)益(yi)用(yong)(yong)(yong)于农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)比例考核(he)办(ban)法(fa),确(que)保(bao)(bao)(bao)按规定(ding)(ding)(ding)提(ti)高(gao)(gao)用(yong)(yong)(yong)于农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)的(de)(de)比例。各(ge)地(di)区各(ge)部(bu)门要进一步完(wan)善(shan)涉农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)资金(jin)(jin)(jin)统筹整合(he)长效(xiao)机(ji)制(zhi)。支(zhi)(zhi)持(chi)地(di)方(fang)政(zheng)(zheng)府发(fa)行(xing)一般债(zhai)券和专项(xiang)债(zhai)券用(yong)(yong)(yong)于现代农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)设(she)施建(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she)和乡(xiang)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)建(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she)行(xing)动(dong)(dong),制(zhi)定(ding)(ding)(ding)出台操作指引,做(zuo)好(hao)高(gao)(gao)质(zhi)量(liang)项(xiang)目储备工(gong)作。发(fa)挥(hui)(hui)财(cai)政(zheng)(zheng)投(tou)入(ru)(ru)引领(ling)作用(yong)(yong)(yong),支(zhi)(zhi)持(chi)以市场化方(fang)式设(she)立(li)乡(xiang)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)振兴基(ji)金(jin)(jin)(jin),撬动(dong)(dong)金(jin)(jin)(jin)融(rong)(rong)(rong)资本(ben)(ben)、社(she)会力(li)量(liang)参与,重点支(zhi)(zhi)持(chi)乡(xiang)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)产业(ye)发(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)。坚持(chi)为农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)服务宗旨,持(chi)续深化农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)金(jin)(jin)(jin)融(rong)(rong)(rong)改革(ge)。运用(yong)(yong)(yong)支(zhi)(zhi)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)支(zhi)(zhi)小再贷(dai)(dai)(dai)款(kuan)、再贴现等(deng)政(zheng)(zheng)策工(gong)具,实施最优(you)(you)惠的(de)(de)存款(kuan)准备金(jin)(jin)(jin)率(lv),加(jia)大(da)(da)(da)对(dui)机(ji)构(gou)(gou)法(fa)人在县(xian)域(yu)(yu)(yu)、业(ye)务在县(xian)域(yu)(yu)(yu)的(de)(de)金(jin)(jin)(jin)融(rong)(rong)(rong)机(ji)构(gou)(gou)的(de)(de)支(zhi)(zhi)持(chi)力(li)度,推(tui)动(dong)(dong)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)金(jin)(jin)(jin)融(rong)(rong)(rong)机(ji)构(gou)(gou)回(hui)归本(ben)(ben)源。鼓励银行(xing)业(ye)金(jin)(jin)(jin)融(rong)(rong)(rong)机(ji)构(gou)(gou)建(jian)(jian)(jian)立(li)服务乡(xiang)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)振兴的(de)(de)内(nei)(nei)设(she)机(ji)构(gou)(gou)。明确(que)地(di)方(fang)政(zheng)(zheng)府监管和风险处置责(ze)任,稳妥规范开展(zhan)(zhan)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)合(he)作社(she)内(nei)(nei)部(bu)信(xin)(xin)(xin)用(yong)(yong)(yong)合(he)作试点。保(bao)(bao)(bao)持(chi)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)信(xin)(xin)(xin)用(yong)(yong)(yong)合(he)作社(she)等(deng)县(xian)域(yu)(yu)(yu)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)金(jin)(jin)(jin)融(rong)(rong)(rong)机(ji)构(gou)(gou)法(fa)人地(di)位和数量(liang)总体(ti)稳定(ding)(ding)(ding),做(zuo)好(hao)监督管理、风险化解、深化改革(ge)工(gong)作。完(wan)善(shan)涉农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)金(jin)(jin)(jin)融(rong)(rong)(rong)机(ji)构(gou)(gou)治(zhi)理结构(gou)(gou)和内(nei)(nei)控(kong)机(ji)制(zhi),强(qiang)化金(jin)(jin)(jin)融(rong)(rong)(rong)监管部(bu)门的(de)(de)监管责(ze)任。支(zhi)(zhi)持(chi)市县(xian)构(gou)(gou)建(jian)(jian)(jian)域(yu)(yu)(yu)内(nei)(nei)共享的(de)(de)涉农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)信(xin)(xin)(xin)用(yong)(yong)(yong)信(xin)(xin)(xin)息数据库,用(yong)(yong)(yong)3年时间基(ji)本(ben)(ben)建(jian)(jian)(jian)成比较完(wan)善(shan)的(de)(de)新(xin)型农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)经营(ying)主体(ti)信(xin)(xin)(xin)用(yong)(yong)(yong)体(ti)系。发(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)数字普惠金(jin)(jin)(jin)融(rong)(rong)(rong)。大(da)(da)(da)力(li)开展(zhan)(zhan)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)户(hu)小额信(xin)(xin)(xin)用(yong)(yong)(yong)贷(dai)(dai)(dai)款(kuan)、保(bao)(bao)(bao)单质(zhi)押(ya)贷(dai)(dai)(dai)款(kuan)、农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)机(ji)具和大(da)(da)(da)棚设(she)施抵(di)押(ya)贷(dai)(dai)(dai)款(kuan)业(ye)务。鼓励开发(fa)专属金(jin)(jin)(jin)融(rong)(rong)(rong)产品支(zhi)(zhi)持(chi)新(xin)型农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)经营(ying)主体(ti)和农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)新(xin)产业(ye)新(xin)业(ye)态,增加(jia)首贷(dai)(dai)(dai)、信(xin)(xin)(xin)用(yong)(yong)(yong)贷(dai)(dai)(dai)。加(jia)大(da)(da)(da)对(dui)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)基(ji)础设(she)施投(tou)融(rong)(rong)(rong)资的(de)(de)中(zhong)长期信(xin)(xin)(xin)贷(dai)(dai)(dai)支(zhi)(zhi)持(chi)。加(jia)强(qiang)对(dui)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)信(xin)(xin)(xin)贷(dai)(dai)(dai)担保(bao)(bao)(bao)放大(da)(da)(da)倍数的(de)(de)量(liang)化考核(he),提(ti)高(gao)(gao)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)信(xin)(xin)(xin)贷(dai)(dai)(dai)担保(bao)(bao)(bao)规模。将地(di)方(fang)优(you)(you)势特色农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)产品保(bao)(bao)(bao)险以奖代补做(zuo)法(fa)逐步扩大(da)(da)(da)到(dao)全国。健(jian)全农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)再保(bao)(bao)(bao)险制(zhi)度。发(fa)挥(hui)(hui)“保(bao)(bao)(bao)险+期货”在服务乡(xiang)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)产业(ye)发(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)中(zhong)的(de)(de)作用(yong)(yong)(yong)。

(二(er)十一)深入推进农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)改(gai)(gai)革(ge)。完(wan)(wan)善(shan)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)产(chan)权(quan)(quan)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)度和要素市场化配(pei)(pei)置(zhi)(zhi)机制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi),充分激发农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)发展内(nei)生动力。坚(jian)持农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)土(tu)(tu)地(di)(di)(di)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)集(ji)(ji)(ji)体(ti)(ti)所有(you)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)不(bu)动摇,坚(jian)持家(jia)庭承(cheng)(cheng)包(bao)经(jing)(jing)营基(ji)(ji)础(chu)性(xing)地(di)(di)(di)位不(bu)动摇,有(you)序开(kai)(kai)展第二(er)轮(lun)土(tu)(tu)地(di)(di)(di)承(cheng)(cheng)包(bao)到期后(hou)再(zai)延长30年试(shi)点,保持农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)土(tu)(tu)地(di)(di)(di)承(cheng)(cheng)包(bao)关系稳定(ding)(ding)并(bing)长久不(bu)变,健全土(tu)(tu)地(di)(di)(di)经(jing)(jing)营权(quan)(quan)流(liu)转服务(wu)体(ti)(ti)系。积极(ji)探索(suo)实(shi)(shi)(shi)施农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)集(ji)(ji)(ji)体(ti)(ti)经(jing)(jing)营性(xing)建设(she)用(yong)(yong)地(di)(di)(di)入市制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)度。完(wan)(wan)善(shan)盘活农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)存量建设(she)用(yong)(yong)地(di)(di)(di)政策,实(shi)(shi)(shi)行负面(mian)清单管理,优先保障乡村(cun)(cun)产(chan)业发展、乡村(cun)(cun)建设(she)用(yong)(yong)地(di)(di)(di)。根据乡村(cun)(cun)休闲观光等产(chan)业分散布(bu)局的实(shi)(shi)(shi)际需(xu)要,探索(suo)灵活多(duo)样(yang)的供地(di)(di)(di)新方式(shi)。加强宅基(ji)(ji)地(di)(di)(di)管理,稳慎推进农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)宅基(ji)(ji)地(di)(di)(di)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)度改(gai)(gai)革(ge)试(shi)点,探索(suo)宅基(ji)(ji)地(di)(di)(di)所有(you)权(quan)(quan)、资(zi)格权(quan)(quan)、使(shi)用(yong)(yong)权(quan)(quan)分置(zhi)(zhi)有(you)效实(shi)(shi)(shi)现形式(shi)。规范开(kai)(kai)展房(fang)地(di)(di)(di)一体(ti)(ti)宅基(ji)(ji)地(di)(di)(di)日常登记颁证工(gong)作。规范开(kai)(kai)展城乡建设(she)用(yong)(yong)地(di)(di)(di)增减挂钩,完(wan)(wan)善(shan)审批实(shi)(shi)(shi)施程序、节余指(zhi)标调剂及收益(yi)分配(pei)(pei)机制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)。2021年基(ji)(ji)本(ben)完(wan)(wan)成农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)集(ji)(ji)(ji)体(ti)(ti)产(chan)权(quan)(quan)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)度改(gai)(gai)革(ge)阶段(duan)性(xing)任务(wu),发展壮(zhuang)大新型农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)集(ji)(ji)(ji)体(ti)(ti)经(jing)(jing)济。保障进城落户农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)土(tu)(tu)地(di)(di)(di)承(cheng)(cheng)包(bao)权(quan)(quan)、宅基(ji)(ji)地(di)(di)(di)使(shi)用(yong)(yong)权(quan)(quan)、集(ji)(ji)(ji)体(ti)(ti)收益(yi)分配(pei)(pei)权(quan)(quan),研究制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)定(ding)(ding)依法(fa)(fa)自愿有(you)偿转让的具体(ti)(ti)办法(fa)(fa)。加强农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)产(chan)权(quan)(quan)流(liu)转交易和管理信(xin)息网络平台建设(she),提供综(zong)(zong)合(he)性(xing)交易服务(wu)。加快(kuai)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)业综(zong)(zong)合(he)行政执法(fa)(fa)信(xin)息化建设(she)。深入推进农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)业水价综(zong)(zong)合(he)改(gai)(gai)革(ge)。继(ji)续深化农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)集(ji)(ji)(ji)体(ti)(ti)林权(quan)(quan)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)度改(gai)(gai)革(ge)。

五、加强党对“三农”工作的全面领导

(二十二)强(qiang)化五级书记(ji)抓乡(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)振(zhen)(zhen)(zhen)兴的(de)(de)(de)工(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)机制。全面推(tui)进乡(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)振(zhen)(zhen)(zhen)兴的(de)(de)(de)深度(du)(du)、广度(du)(du)、难度(du)(du)都不亚于脱(tuo)贫攻(gong)坚(jian),必须采取更有(you)力的(de)(de)(de)举措(cuo),汇聚更强(qiang)大的(de)(de)(de)力量。要深入(ru)贯彻落(luo)实《中(zhong)(zhong)国共产党农村(cun)(cun)工(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)条例》,健(jian)全中(zhong)(zhong)央(yang)统筹、省(sheng)负(fu)总(zong)责(ze)、市(shi)县(xian)乡(xiang)(xiang)抓落(luo)实的(de)(de)(de)农村(cun)(cun)工(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)领导(dao)体制,将(jiang)脱(tuo)贫攻(gong)坚(jian)工(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)中(zhong)(zhong)形(xing)成的(de)(de)(de)组织(zhi)推(tui)动、要素保障(zhang)、政(zheng)策支持(chi)、协作(zuo)(zuo)帮扶、考(kao)核督(du)导(dao)等(deng)工(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)机制,根(gen)据实际需要运用(yong)到(dao)推(tui)进乡(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)振(zhen)(zhen)(zhen)兴,建立健(jian)全上下贯通、精(jing)准施策、一抓到(dao)底的(de)(de)(de)乡(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)振(zhen)(zhen)(zhen)兴工(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)体系。省(sheng)、市(shi)、县(xian)级党委(wei)(wei)要定期研究乡(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)振(zhen)(zhen)(zhen)兴工(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)。县(xian)委(wei)(wei)书记(ji)应当把(ba)主要精(jing)力放在(zai)“三农”工(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)上。建立乡(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)振(zhen)(zhen)(zhen)兴联(lian)系点(dian)制度(du)(du),省(sheng)、市(shi)、县(xian)级党委(wei)(wei)和政(zheng)府负(fu)责(ze)同志(zhi)都要确定联(lian)系点(dian)。开展县(xian)乡(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)三级党组织(zhi)书记(ji)乡(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)振(zhen)(zhen)(zhen)兴轮训。加强(qiang)党对乡(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)人(ren)才(cai)工(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)的(de)(de)(de)领导(dao),将(jiang)乡(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)人(ren)才(cai)振(zhen)(zhen)(zhen)兴纳入(ru)党委(wei)(wei)人(ren)才(cai)工(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)总(zong)体部署(shu),健(jian)全适合乡(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)特点(dian)的(de)(de)(de)人(ren)才(cai)培养机制,强(qiang)化人(ren)才(cai)服(fu)务乡(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)激励约(yue)束(shu)。加快建设政(zheng)治过硬、本领过硬、作(zuo)(zuo)风过硬的(de)(de)(de)乡(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)振(zhen)(zhen)(zhen)兴干部队伍(wu),选派优秀(xiu)干部到(dao)乡(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)振(zhen)(zhen)(zhen)兴一线岗位,把(ba)乡(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)振(zhen)(zhen)(zhen)兴作(zuo)(zuo)为培养锻炼干部的(de)(de)(de)广阔(kuo)舞台(tai),对在(zai)艰苦地区(qu)、关键(jian)岗位工(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)表现(xian)突出的(de)(de)(de)干部优先重用(yong)。

(二(er)十三)加强(qiang)党(dang)委(wei)农(nong)村工作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)领(ling)导(dao)小(xiao)组(zu)(zu)和工作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)机构建(jian)设。充分(fen)发挥各(ge)级党(dang)委(wei)农(nong)村工作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)领(ling)导(dao)小(xiao)组(zu)(zu)牵头抓总、统筹协调(diao)作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)用,成员单位出(chu)台(tai)重(zhong)要(yao)涉(she)农(nong)政策(ce)要(yao)征求党(dang)委(wei)农(nong)村工作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)领(ling)导(dao)小(xiao)组(zu)(zu)意见并进行备(bei)案。各(ge)地要(yao)围绕“五大振兴(xing)”目标任(ren)务,设立(li)由党(dang)委(wei)和政府负责同志领(ling)导(dao)的专(zhuan)项小(xiao)组(zu)(zu)或工作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)专(zhuan)班,建(jian)立(li)落实台(tai)账,压实工作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)责任(ren)。强(qiang)化党(dang)委(wei)农(nong)村工作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)领(ling)导(dao)小(xiao)组(zu)(zu)办公室决策(ce)参谋(mou)、统筹协调(diao)、政策(ce)指导(dao)、推动落实、督促检查等职能(neng),每年分(fen)解(jie)“三农(nong)”工作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)重(zhong)点任(ren)务,落实到各(ge)责任(ren)部门(men),定期调(diao)度工作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)进展。加强(qiang)党(dang)委(wei)农(nong)村工作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)领(ling)导(dao)小(xiao)组(zu)(zu)办公室机构设置和人员配(pei)置。

(二(er)十四)加强(qiang)(qiang)党(dang)的(de)农(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)基层(ceng)组织(zhi)建(jian)(jian)设和(he)乡(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)治(zhi)(zhi)理(li)(li)。充(chong)分发挥农(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)基层(ceng)党(dang)组织(zhi)领(ling)导作(zuo)用(yong)(yong),持续(xu)抓党(dang)建(jian)(jian)促乡(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)振兴。有序(xu)开展乡(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)镇、村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)集中换届,选优配强(qiang)(qiang)乡(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)镇领(ling)导班子、村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)“两(liang)委(wei)(wei)”成员(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)特别是(shi)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)党(dang)组织(zhi)书记。在(zai)有条(tiao)件的(de)地(di)(di)方积极推(tui)(tui)行村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)党(dang)组织(zhi)书记通(tong)过法定程(cheng)序(xu)担任(ren)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)民(min)委(wei)(wei)员(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)会(hui)主任(ren),因地(di)(di)制(zhi)宜(yi)、不搞“一刀(dao)切”。与换届同(tong)步选优配强(qiang)(qiang)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)务监督(du)委(wei)(wei)员(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)会(hui)成员(yuan)(yuan)(yuan),基层(ceng)纪检监察组织(zhi)加强(qiang)(qiang)与村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)务监督(du)委(wei)(wei)员(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)会(hui)的(de)沟通(tong)协(xie)作(zuo)、有效衔接。坚(jian)决(jue)惩治(zhi)(zhi)侵害农(nong)民(min)利益(yi)的(de)腐败行为。坚(jian)持和(he)完善(shan)向(xiang)重点乡(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)选派驻村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)第一书记和(he)工作(zuo)队制(zhi)度。加大在(zai)优秀农(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)青年中发展党(dang)员(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)力度,加强(qiang)(qiang)对农(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)基层(ceng)干部激励关怀,提高工资补助待遇,改(gai)善(shan)工作(zuo)生活(huo)条(tiao)件,切实(shi)帮助解决(jue)实(shi)际(ji)困难。推(tui)(tui)进(jin)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)委(wei)(wei)会(hui)规(gui)范(fan)(fan)化建(jian)(jian)设和(he)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)务公开“阳光工程(cheng)”。开展乡(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)治(zhi)(zhi)理(li)(li)试点示范(fan)(fan)创建(jian)(jian)工作(zuo)。创建(jian)(jian)民(min)主法治(zhi)(zhi)示范(fan)(fan)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun),培(pei)育农(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)学法用(yong)(yong)法示范(fan)(fan)户。加强(qiang)(qiang)乡(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)人民(min)调解组织(zhi)队伍建(jian)(jian)设,推(tui)(tui)动就地(di)(di)化解矛盾纠纷(fen)。深入推(tui)(tui)进(jin)平(ping)安乡(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)建(jian)(jian)设。建(jian)(jian)立(li)健全(quan)(quan)农(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)地(di)(di)区扫(sao)黑除恶常态(tai)化机(ji)制(zhi)。加强(qiang)(qiang)县乡(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)应急管(guan)理(li)(li)和(he)消防安全(quan)(quan)体(ti)系建(jian)(jian)设,做好对自然灾害、公共卫(wei)生、安全(quan)(quan)隐患等(deng)重大事件的(de)风险评估、监测(ce)预(yu)警、应急处置。

(二十五)加强新时代农村精神文明建设。弘扬和践行社会主义核心价值观,以农民群众喜闻乐见的方式,深入开展习近平新时代中国特色社会主义思想学习教育。拓展新时代文明实践中心建设,深化群众性精神文明创建活动。建强用好县级融媒体中心。在乡村深入开展“听党话、感党恩、跟党走”宣讲活动。深入挖掘、继承创新优秀传统乡土文化,把保护传承和开发利用结合起来,赋予中华农耕文明新的时代内涵。持续推进农村移风易俗,推广积分制、道德评议会、红白理事会等做法,加大高价彩礼、人情攀比、厚葬薄养、铺张浪费、封建迷信等不良风气治理,推动形成文明乡风、良好家风、淳朴民风。加大对农村非法宗教活动和境外渗透活动的打击力度,依法制止利用宗教干预农村公共事务。办好中国农民丰收节。

(二十六)健全乡村振兴考核落实机制。各省(自治区、直辖市)党委和政府每年向党中央、国务院报告实施乡村振兴战略进展情况。对市县党政领导班子和领导干部开展乡村振兴实绩考核,纳入党政领导班子和领导干部综合考核评价内容,加强考核结果应用,注重提拔使用乡村振兴实绩突出的市县党政领导干部。对考核排名落后、履职不力的市县党委和政府主要负责同志进行约谈,建立常态化约谈机制。将巩固拓展脱贫攻坚成果纳入乡村振兴考核。强化乡村振兴督查,创新完善督查方式,及时发现和解决存在的问题,推动政策举措落实落地。持续纠治形式主义、官僚主义,将减轻村级组织不合理负担纳入中央基层减负督查重点内容。坚持实事求是、依法行政,把握好农村各项工作的时度效。加强乡村振兴宣传工作,在全社会营造共同推进乡村振兴的浓厚氛围。

让我(wo)们紧(jin)密团结在以习近平同(tong)志为核心的(de)党中(zhong)央周围,开拓(tuo)进取,真抓(zhua)实(shi)干,全(quan)面(mian)(mian)推(tui)进乡村(cun)振兴,加(jia)快(kuai)农(nong)业农(nong)村(cun)现(xian)代化,努(nu)力开创“三农(nong)”工作新局面(mian)(mian),为全(quan)面(mian)(mian)建设社会主义(yi)现(xian)代化国家、实(shi)现(xian)第二个百年奋斗目标作出(chu)新的(de)贡献!

来源:新华社

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